Effectiveness of E-Learning

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CHAPTER 1
The Problem and Its Background
Introduction
Computer-aided instruction (CAI) is an interactive instructional technique whereby a computer is used to present the instructional material and monitor the learning that takes place. CAI uses a combination of text, graphics, sound and video in enhancing the learning process. The computer has many purposes in the classroom, and it can be utilized to help a student in all areas of the curriculum. Computer-assisted instruction allows the students to be active participants in their learning and to browse all the topics in their own pace. “CAI may help students develop creative abilities and induce changes in the cognitive and affective outcomes”. According to Burkill (1998), CAI serves the purpose of providing flexibility in developing new knowledge and supporting competence in the use of information technology.1 The use of computers in education started in the 1960s. With the advent of convenient microcomputers in the 1970s, computer use in schools has become widespread from primary education through the university level and even in some preschool programs. Instructional computers are basically used in one of two ways: either they provide a straightforward presentation of data or they fill a tutorial role in which the student is tested on comprehension. If the computer has a tutorial program, the student is asked a question by the computer; the student types in an answer and then gets an immediate response to the answer. If the answer is correct, the student is routed to more challenging problems; if the answer is incorrect, various computer messages will indicate the flaw in procedure, and the program will bypass more complicated questions until the student shows mastery in that area. There are many advantages to using computers in educational instruction. They provide one-to-one interaction with a student, as well as an instantaneous response to the answers elicited, and allow students to proceed at their own pace. Computers are particularly useful in subjects that require drill, freeing teacher time from some classroom tasks so that a teacher can devote more time to individual students. A computer program can be used diagnostically, and, once a student’s problem has been identified, it can then focus on the problem area. Finally, because of the privacy and individual attention afforded by a computer, some students are relieved of the embarrassment of giving an incorrect answer publicly or of going more slowly through lessons than other classmates.2 E-learning is essentially the computer and network-enabled transfer of skills and knowledge. E-learning applications and processes include Web-based learning, computer-based learning, virtual education opportunities and digital collaboration. It can be self-paced or instructor-led and includes media in the form of text, image, animation, streaming video and audio. The information and communication systems, whether networked or not, serve as specific media to implement the learning process. 3 The term will still most likely be utilized as reference in-classroom educational experiences via technology, even as advances continue in regard to devices and curriculum. Background of the Study

One type of Computer-aided instruction (CAI) is the E-learning which Centro Escolar University adapted and will be the focus of this study. Utilizing E-learning is one of the ways of educating Nursing students of Centro Escolar University (CEU). It was 3 years ago since CEU started to use this type of Computer-aided instruction which is considered to be the transformation of education through technology. Every student has his or her respective computer and is given a chance to browse all the topics all over again at their own pace. Every topic has corresponding questions to be answered. Their answers will be then be checked and posted on their screen. The researchers wanted to determine the effects of Computer-aided Instruction adapted by...
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