Effectiveness of Beh aviorism in Language Learning, Especially in English Grammar Background
One of them is known as the Behaviorism theory. This talks about an imitative learning,which is improved by the time and practice. We also have the Activist. This theory explainsthat when the child reaches twenty-five months, not only imitates everything it listens, butassimilates it being solidified in its linguistic system. Finally, I will mention Noam Chomsky’stheory; this author defends the idea that the infants are biologically programmed for thelanguage, comparing this with the walking proces Behaviorism, as a learning theory, can be traced back to Aristotle, whose essay “Memory” focused on association being made between events such as lightning and thunder. Other philosophers that followed Aristotle’s thoughts are Hobbs (1650), Hume (1740), Brown (1820), Bain (1855) and Ebbinghause (1885) (Black, 1995). Pavlov, Watson, Thorndike and Skinner later developed the theory in more detail. Watson is the theorist credited with coining the term "behaviorism." Behaviorism as a learning theory
The school of adult learning theory that adopted these principles has become known as the school of behaviorism, which saw learning as a straightforward process of response to stimuli. The provision of a reward or reinforcement is believed to strengthen the response and therefore result in changes in behavior – the test, according to this school of thought, is as to whether learning had occurred. Spillane (2002) states, “the behaviorist perspective, associated with B. F. Skinner, holds that the mind at work cannot be observed, tested, or understood; thus, behaviorists are concerned with actions (behavior) as the sites of knowing, teaching, and learning” (p. 380). One of the keys to effective teaching is discovering the best consequence to shape the behavior. Consequences can be positive or negative – punishing or rewarding. “Extinction” occurs when there is no consequence at all – for...
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