Economic Freedom Score
Least free 0
75 100 free
economic score is 72.2, G eorgia’shigherfreestfreedom2013 Index. Itsmaking its economy the 21st in the overall score is 2.8 points than last year, with improvements in six of the 10 economic freedoms including management of public finance, investment freedom, and property rights. Georgia is ranked 11th out of 43 countries in the Europe region, and its score is the most improved in the 2013 Index.
74 73 72 71 70 69 68
In a challenging global and regional environment, the Georgian economy has demonstrated a high level of resilience. After some backsliding last year, Georgia regained the status of “mostly free” in the 2013 Index. Persistent efforts to eliminate corruption and restore fiscal stability have borne fruit. Access to legal documents has been facilitated, and fiscal consolidation has generated narrowing budget deficits and lower public debt. Despite this progress, however, momentum for comprehensive reforms to limit government spending and restrict the growth of economic regulations has flagged. Deeper institutional reforms to enhance judicial independence and effectiveness also remain critical. backgRound: President Mikheil Saakashvili and his centerright United National Movement won presidential and parliamentary elections in 2004 and 2008. However, billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili and his Georgian Dream coalition decisively won parliamentary elections in late 2012, paving the way for Ivanishvili to become prime minister. Georgia is a leading economic reformer among the post-Soviet countries and has been particularly effective in fighting corruption. Russia’s continued military occupation of the Georgian provinces of Abkhazia and South Ossetia and recognition of their secession violates Georgia’s territorial integrity. Georgia left the Commonwealth of Independent States in August 2009. Relations with Russia remain difficult, but Georgia’s government has taken unilateral steps to improve ties. The economic recovery that began in 2010 continues, with an emphasis on tourism and construction.
Country World Average Regional Average Free Economies
0 20 40 60 80
72.2 59.6 66.4 84.5
population: 4.5 million gdp (ppp): $24.5 billion 7.0% growth in 2011 5-year compound annual growth 4.7% $5,491 per capita unemployment: 16.3% inflation (cpi): 8.5% fdi inflow: $974.6 million public debt: 33.9% of GDP 2011 data unless otherwise noted. Data compiled as of September 2012.
See page 477 for an explanation of the methodology or visit the Index Web site at heritage.org/index.
How Do We Measure Economic Freedom?
THE TEN ECONOMIC FREEDOMS
Country World Average Rank
RULE OF LAW
Property Rights 45.0 Freedom from Corruption 41.0
0 20 40 60 80 100
Fighting the effects of Soviet-era corruption, the government has arrested former officials and policemen, radically downsized bureaucracies, and cracked down on smuggling. Several new “Public Service Halls” quickly deliver inexpensive legal documents such as birth certificates, passports, and property titles. Other efforts are underway to improve the security of property rights, though protection of intellectual property rights is largely ineffective.
Fiscal Freedom 88.2 Government Spending 68.9
0 20 40 60 80 100
The flat income tax rate is 20 percent, and the flat corporate tax rate is 15 percent. Other taxes include a value-added tax (VAT) and a tax on dividends. The overall tax burden equals 23.5 percent of total domestic income. Government spending has fallen to 32.2 percent of total domestic output. The budget balance has been in deficit, but public debt remains below 35 percent of GDP. Budget management has helped to stabilize the fiscal situation...