Eco Friendly Products

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  • Published : October 16, 2011
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Eco-friendly processing of Jute & Allied Fibres

Paper presented to



Dr. S. K. Chakrabarti





Dr. S. K. Chakrabarti
Indian Jute Industries’ Research Association (IJIRA)
17 Taratola Road, Kolkata- 700088

Abstract: In the present scenario, the growing concerns among the people globally against the use of synthetic polymers, toxin liberating substances and non-biodegradable products, because of their hazardous after effects on environment and human health, re-established the needs of natural fibres to our society in terms of packaging and daily use products. Jute, the ligno-cellulosic biodegradable, natural bast fibre is known for decades as low cost packaging material. With increase in awareness for eco-friendly materials from sustainable resources, Jute sector started regaining its market both in traditional and diversified applications. However, for eco-compliance of Jute products and to increase the cost competitiveness of jute commodity items, efforts have been continuing to develop effective eco-friendly and cleaner process technologies. The paper presented encompasses brief description of three eco-process technologies developed by Indian Jute Industries’ Research Association.

1.0 Introduction:

Golden fibre, Jute, is the most important cash crop of great socio-economic importance in South Asian countries specially India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Nepal ,as it provides subsistence to millions of farmers for their livelihood. Jute is characterized specially with its silky lusture, high tensile strength, low extensibility, considerable resistance to fire and heat, good insulation to sound and heat etc. and for the centuries it has been used successfully as flexible low cost packaging material for packing industrial and food products.

The use of jute fibre which was stiffly declining particularly in packaging due to the advent of low cost synthetic fibre and their products has been reviewed by the consumers world over, focusing on eco-friendly materials from sustainable resources. With the increasing global awareness in civilized society towards the use of eco-friendly products, jute is progressively widening its application areas and hence profile of jute fibre is being changed from sacks to consumer utilities, hessian to hard boards and twines to decorative etc. In recent time, considerable amount of research works have been initiated to introduce jute in the various high end applications also and the driving force of such technology development has been the economy and ecology.

In recent time, it has been reported that finished jute products, either conventional or diversified, contain some undesirable and objectionable non-fibrous components though jute fibres cultivated following Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) and processed under Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) in Jute mills are usually free from any toxic residues. Hence, for better market acceptance and customer satisfaction, Jute sector has been trying to develop eco-friendly technologies for processing of jute and allied fibres in order to meet the stringent EPA guidelines and the Sanitary & Phytosanitary issues related to textiles. Development of eco-friendly and cleaner technologies for sustainable production pattern in jute processing has been continuing by various Research Institutes under Environmental Research & Development Programmes. It is an established phenomenon that excessive use of harsh chemicals in textile processing has resulted in pollution of environment and slow deterioration of soil health. Manufacturing of eco-textiles through cleaner production concept is thus receiving new recognitions today, as it is the comprehensive & preventive approach to...
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