Eating, Substance Abuse, Sex/Gender/Sexual, Impulse Control, and Personality Disorders
October 1, 2012
Kristi Lane, PhD
Disorders come in many forms and can affect those who are afflicted with them in more ways than imagined. They affect us in the biological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral aspects of our lives and can even hinder how we live. In this paper we will analyze the biological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components of eating, substance abuse, sex/gender/sexual, and personality disorders.
Eating disorders consist of Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia Nervosa, Binge Eating, and Compulsive Over Eating. Biologically if an individual is suffering from one of these disorders he or she is wreaking havoc on his or her bodies. Someone, who is bulimic will eat large amounts of food and purge it from his or her system, thus resulting in the body not able to absorb any nutrients. A person who is anorexic will be in a constant state of fear of becoming overweight so he or she will starve him or herself. A person who is binge eating or compulsively over eating will take in large amounts of food that there body does not need (Eating Disorders, 2012). Substance Abuse
The biological aspects of substance abuse is the excessive use of inserting foreign chemicals into the body, which in excess is not normally good for the body. The use of a substance is considered abuse when the person using the substance becomes dependent upon it and maintains using the substance even after he or she realize it is causing him or her problems. To use alcohol as an example, when ingesting large quantities of alcohol either binge drinking or excessive drinking we are doing damage to our bodies (Substance Abuse/Chemical Dependency, n.d.). Sexual Dysfunction and Deviance
There are many types of this disorder consisting of disorders of desire, disorders of excitement or sexual arousal, disorders of orgasm phase, and sexual pain disorders. Biologically these have different adverse effects and all can hinder and negatively affect our sex lives. Symptoms either prevent the initiation of sex or the completion of the sex act, or they interfere with satisfaction derived from sex (Sexual Dysfunctions, 2012).
A personality disorder is a type of mental illness in which he or she has trouble perceiving and relating to situations and to people many times. Personality disorders are generally placed into three separate categories depending upon the different characteristics that they exhibit. These are personality disorders characterized by odd, eccentric thinking or behavior and include: Paranoid personality disorder, Schizoid personality disorder, Schizotypal personality disorder. These are personality disorders characterized by dramatic, overly emotional thinking or behavior and include: Antisocial (formerly called sociopathic) personality disorder, Borderline personality disorder, Histrionic personality disorder, and Narcissistic personality disorder. These are personality disorders characterized by anxious, fearful thinking or behavior and include: Avoidant personality disorder, Dependent personality disorder, and Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (Personality Disorders, 2010). Emotional
Largely the emotional aspects of what causes these disorders are what continue to fuel them. Those suffering will be in fear of gaining weight and feel the need to stop eating entirely or eat large amounts of food and purge it from their system. When binge or over eating the person eats large amounts of food to comfort or compensate for his or her negative feelings. This of course, any of these acts will provide the person afflicted with a temporary sense of comfort is replaced again by a negative thinking or...