Southeast Kentucky Community and Technical College
There is a global health crisis affecting many people around the world. Eating Disorders is a mental health condition often misunderstood by people that do not have the condition. It can trigger vomiting, bingeing, depression, and health issues. Eating disorders are illnesses that cause serious disturbances to the everyday diet. They can affect men, women and children of all ages. This research paper will describe the different types of eating disorders, who may be affected by the eating disorders, what resources are available for those who have eating disorder illness, how to treat the illness, and why they are a global issue.
Eating Disorders; a Global Health Issue
There is a concern with mental health officials about the growing number of eating disorders around the world. Doctors have diagnosed the illness in three types: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge-Eating Disorder. What are eating disorders? An eating disorder is a condition that causes disruption to the everyday diet, eating small amounts of food or overeating. A person with an eating disorder started out eating diverse volumes of food, but it soared out of control at some point. Concern about weight or size may also cause eating disorders.
Eating disorders can occur anytime from childhood to adulthood. Eating disorders can affect both men and women. No one knows exactly how many adults and children suffer from eating disorders. Eating disorders can be treatable medical illnesses. Eating disorders maybe associated with other illnesses like depression, substance abuse, or anxiety disorders. Eating Disorders
Anorexia Nervosa is extreme thinness or unwillingness to maintain normal, healthy weight. It can also be describe as an extreme fear of gaining weight and erroneous body image with self-esteem and a predisposed by perceptions of weight and size. Many people with Anorexia Nervosa see themselves as overweight, even when they are clearly underweight. They become obsessed with eating, trying to control food, and weight. A person with Anorexia Nervosa weighs themselves repeatedly, eats foods in small quantities and engages in binge-eating followed by self-induced vomiting. Anorexia Nervosa sufferers recover with treatment after only one episode. They may have relapses after treatment. Most have chronic, long-lasting Anorexia Nervosa, and they become worse with possibly fatal death. The disorder defined by the Stanford University School of Medicine as follows:
Anorexia Nervosa is characterized by fear of being overweight and gaining weight, which often results in severe restriction of food intake and at times the use of other weight-loss strategies including excessive exercise, purging behaviors and use of diet pills. Individuals with Anorexia Nervosa typically have a distorted view of their bodies, such that they view themselves as overweight, despite the fact that they are extremely underweight. Oftentimes, girls and women will stop menstruating (experience amenorrhea) as a result of the toll starvation takes on the body. While some individuals with anorexia may also purge, their low body weight (85% or below what is considered a healthy weight for their height and age) is what distinguishes them from an individual with Bulimia Nervosa. (Stanford University School of Medicine 2012) Bulimia Nervosa
Bulimia Nervosa is many experiences of eating enormous volumes of food. This binge-eating maybe observed by behavior such as fasting, compulsory vomiting, excessive exercise, routine of laxatives or diuretics, or a mixture of these behaviors. People with Bulimia Nervosa maintain a healthy or normal weight, and some are overweight yet fear of gaining weight. They want to lose weight, and are fateful with their body size. Bulimic behavior hides their habits secretly because of...