Gautani, John Rudolf
Dr. Elizabeth Rey-Matias
TITLE: “THE RELATIONSHIP OF SNACKING PATTERNS AND BODY MASS INDEX AMONG 3rd YEAR TO 4th YEAR PT STUDENTS OF DLS-HSI”
The prevalence of obesity is still high in developed and developing countries. Presently worldwide, it is estimated that more than one billion adults are overweight and at least 300 million adults are clinically obese (World Health Organization, 2010). According Boyle, M.A et.al, the World health Organization (WHO) report Obesity – Preventing and managing the Global Epidemic first highlighted obesity as a worldwide problem that now affect the most countries. More recently, WHO has declared overweight one of the top ten health risk in the world, Countries in Asia, Middle East and Latin America are already experiencing a double burden of undernutrition and nutritional disease, such as diabetes and heart disease, caused by increasing rates of obesity as well as poverty. Obesity of the students is recognized as a medical problem of the students. In the Philippines the nationwide nutrition survey conducted by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) in 1993 showed that 14 percent of Filipinos 20 years old and above are overweight, while 2.6 percent are obese. Translated in absolute figures, there are 5.7 million Filipino adults who were either overweight or obese in 1993, an increase of 63 percent or 2.2 million compared to 3.5 million in 1987, the FNRI survey further noted. In 1998, using the non-adjusted Body Mass Index guidelines for Asians, the WHO Global Database on Body Mass Index reports overweight and obesity in the Philippines at 23.5%, with the female adults having higher obesity prevalence rates than male adults. In 2003, the Philippine National Nutritional Health Evaluation and Survey showed that there are 19.6% overweight and 4.9% obese Filipinos.(Philippine Association for the study of overweight and obesity,2007) Overweight, as defined by the Philippine Association for the Study of Overweight and Obesity or PASOO, is increased body weight in relation to height, while obesity is the state of excessive amounts of fat in the body. These increases in body fat have a dramatic effect on health status. Presence of overweight and obesity are commonly assessed by body mass index (BMI), defined as the body weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters (kg/m2). When a BMI value is over 25 kg/m2, the value indicates that an individual is overweight. When a BMI value is over 30 kg/m2, the value indicates that an individual is obese (WHO, 2010) Obesity is definitely harmful to healthy and tends to shorten life; also we all know that it is a public health problem. Being overweight can increase the of hypertension, stroke, heart disease, gall bladder disease, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, joint stress sleep apnea, and some cancers (Nutrition from Science to you, J.S Blake, K.D Munoz, S Volpe, 2010). According to Blake, J.S et.al, the factors that influence different eating habits of the students like hereditary is one factor, family traits are also cause of overweight. There are also reasons like emotional, they eat when they are emotional upsets when brain’s appetite control center is not fully functioning properly and cultural, when parents overeat and children learn the same habit. Also if the students aware of danger of being obese, it can cause decrease life expectancy and cause dangerous complication and having greater operative risks.
Obesity is now on the rise among Filipino adults ages 20 and up, and threatens to increase the number of people having degenerative diseases like heart disease, hypertension...