Eastman Chemical

Topics: Acetic acid, Polyethylene terephthalate, Management occupations Pages: 5 (1281 words) Published: July 24, 2012
The products manufactured by Eastman Chemical Company are categorized in five key sectors. Defined by the end use of the products, these sectors provide a basic overview of the types of products produced. Included in the description of each sector is a brief summary of the type of consumer or industrial goods that utilize the products manufactured by Eastman.[5] Coatings, adhesives, specialty polymers and inks

Utilizing raw materials including propane, ethane, butane, high sulfur coal, natural gas, wood pulp and acetone, Eastman produces several products in this category. Products include cellulosic polymers, cellulose esters, adhesion promoters, Texanol ester alcohol, solvents, hydrocarbon resins, rosin resins, resin dispersions, and polymer raw materials. These products are used for a variety of purposes ranging from packaging to automotive paints to disposable diapers. Fibers

Manufactured from high sulfur coal and wood pulp, Eastman makes acetate tow, acetate yarn and acetyl chemical products. These fibers are used in apparel and home furnishings as well as cigarette filters and industrial applications. Performance chemicals and intermediates

Raw materials including propane, ethane, high sulfur coal and natural gas are utilized by Eastman to produce acetic anhydride, acetaldehyde, oxo derivatives, plasticizers, glycols, polymer intermediates, diketene derivatives, specialty ketones, and specialty anhydrides. These products are used for numerous purposes, including toys, household products, textiles and more. Polymers

Paraxylene, ethylene glycol, purified terephthalic acid (PTA), propane, and ethane are used by Eastman to manufacture polyethylene terephthalate (PET) polymers and polyethylene products including low density polyethylene (LDPE) and linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE), as well as a clear amorphous thermoplastic in glycol-modified polyethylene terephthalate (PETG). Eastman also produces a BPA-free polymer in Tritan Copolyester. Polymers are utilized for a variety of packaging purposes, including food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals. They are also used for industrial applications. Specialty plastics

Utilizing some of the same raw materials as the Polymers division – paraxylene, ethylene glycol and purified terephthalic acid (PTA) – Eastman’s Specialty Plastics division manufactures copolyesters, polyester, cellulose esters, cellulosic plastics, and concentrates/additives. These products are utilized in the building and construction industry and for other purposes such as optical and photographic film.

An effect of World War I was a scarcity in raw materials such as photographic paper, optical glass, gelatin and many chemicals, including methanol, acetic acid and acetone. After the war ended, Eastman Kodak founder George Eastman began working to have an independent supply of chemicals for his photographic processes. His search for suitable quantities of methanol and acetone led him to the southern United States. In 1920, Tennessee Eastman was founded with two major platforms – organic chemicals and acetyls. Products such as calcium acetate, sodium acetate, acetic acid, and acetic anhydride became the basis for the company’s platforms. During World War II, RDX, a powerful explosive, was manufactured for the U.S. government at Holston Ordnance Works at Tennessee Eastman sites. At the peak of production near the end of the war, the ordnance plant was producing a million and a half pounds of explosives each day. Tennessee Eastman was responsible for managing the Y-12 National Security Complex at Oak Ridge, Tennessee which produced enriched uranium for the Manhattan Project, from 1943 to May 1947. The company transferred scientists from Kingsport, Tennessee. Eastman introduced acetate tow to the industry in 1952 and remains a leading global manufacturer, selling under the trademark name Estron. Estron is used to produce items such as cigarette filters and ink reservoirs for fiber-tip...
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