1. What is research?
* Research is an organized study in which it is a methodical investigation into a subject in order to discover facts, to establish or revise a theory or to develop a plan of action based on the facts discovered. Mrs. Rhodora Cortina, 2011-2012.
* Research is a systematic process of collecting and analyzing information to increase our understanding of the phenomenon under study. * Research is
2. What are the types/kinds/classification of research?
Types of Research from the viewpoint of Application
* Pure Research
According to Bailey (1978: 17): “Pure research involves developing and testing theories and hypotheses that are intellectually challenging to the researcher but may or may not have practical application at the present time or in the future. Thus such work often involves the testing of hypotheses containing very abstract and specialized concepts.” Pure research is also concerned with the development, examination, verification, and refinement of research methods, procedures, techniques and tools that form the body of research methodology.
* Applied Research
Most of the research in the social sciences is applied. In other words the research techniques, procedures, and methods that form the body of the research methodology are applied to the collection of information about the various aspects of a situation, issue, problem or phenomenon so that information gathered can be used in other ways- such as for policy formulation, administration and the enhancement of understanding of a phenomenon.
Types of Research from the viewpoint of Objectives
* Descriptive Research
Attempts to describe systematically a situation, problem, phenomenon, service or program, or provides information about, say, the living conditions of a community, or describes attitudes towards an issue.
* Correlational Research
It is to discover or establish the existence of a relationship, association, interdependence between two or more aspects of a situation. * Explanatory Research
Attempts to clarify why and how there is a relationship between two aspects of a situation or phenomenon. This type of research attempts to explain.
* Exploratory Research
This is carried out to investigate the possibilities of undertaking a particular research study. This type of research is also called a “feasibility study” or “pilot study”. It is usually carried out when a researcher wants to explore areas about which s/he has little or no knowledge. Exploratory studies are also conducted to develop, refine and/or test measurement or procedures.
Types of Research from the viewpoint of the Type of Information Sought * Qualitative Research
The study is classified as qualitative if the purpose of the study is primarily to describe a situation, phenomenon, problem or event. The information is gathered through the use of variables measured on nominal or ordinal scales and if analysis is done to establish the variation in the situation, phenomenon or problem without quantifying it.
* Quantitative Research
On the other hand, if you want to quantify the variation in a phenomenon, problem or issue, if the information is gathered using predominantly quantitative variables, and if the analysis is geared to ascertain the magnitude of the variation, the study is classified as quantitative research.
Source: Research Methodology
“A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE FOR BEGINNERS”
By: Ranjit Kumar
3. What are the characteristics of a good research?
* Research should be systematic, based on facts, start from curiosity or from a complex of problems, use objective measurement, free from bias and opinions, critical and directed towards the solution of a problem. Mrs. Rhodora Cortina, 2011-2012.
The concept of control implies that, in exploring causality in relation to two variables, you set up your study in a way...