Dyslexia

Topics: Dyslexia, Orthography, Educational psychology Pages: 2 (489 words) Published: March 20, 2013
Slide one:
What is dyslexia?

The Oxford English Dictionary defines dyslexia as “a disorder involving difficulty in learning to read words, letters and other symbols.”

Dyslexia is the term used to describe difficulties with spelling, writing and reading. There are many different forms of dyslexia and is not limited to the reversals of letters and words.

Slide two: who has it

Slide three: how is it caused
Dyslexia is a specific linguistic disability due to a defect in the brain's processing of graphic symbols. Dyslexia is a learning disability that alters the way the brain processes written material. 

Slide four: what are the main types:
There are three main types. "Primary Dyslexia" is the genetic form. It is the most common form of Dyslexia. Dyslexics in this group typically experience problems with letter and number identification, spelling, reading, arithmetic, measurement, time, instructions and other skill sets that are normally performed by the left hemisphere. These Dyslexics are right brain dominant thinkers. Developmental Dyslexia or Secondary Dyslexia is caused by problems with brain development in a foetus that causes impaired neurological abilities in word recognition and spelling. The difficulties and severity of this condition generally improves with age,these children generally respond well to phonics. TRAUMA DYSLEXIA

"Trauma Dyslexia" is caused by a serious illness or brain injury. Dyslexic symptoms can develop due to damage to the hearing from continuous flu, cold or ear infections in young children, the child cannot hear sounds in words or "phonemes" so they have a difficult time with sounding words out, spelling and learning to read.

Slide 5:
The most common effects are problems with reading, spelling, and writing. Some dyslexics do not have much difficulty with early reading and spelling tasks but do experience great problems when more complex language skills are required, such as grammar, understanding textbook...
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