Dsm-Iv Evaluation

Topics: Mental disorder, Personality disorder, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Pages: 3 (838 words) Published: June 25, 2011
Appendix H-DSM-IV Evaluation
Case Study 1
Josephine, a 47-year-old woman, seems to be suffering from a cluster-A- personality disorder known as (301.20) Schizoid Personality Disorder (premorbid). Possible Causes
It may be a combination of genetic and environmental factors, particularly in early childhood, are thought to contribute to development schizoid personality disorder. Josephine may have had a parent who was cold or unresponsive to emotional needs. Or, she may have been hypersensitive or thin-skinned in early adolescence and had these needs treated with annoyance or scorn. Potential treatments

Therapy in the forms of psychotherapy and group therapy would make for good treatments. With psychotherapy if one has schizoid personality disorder, this type of therapy can help them increase their sensitivity to interpersonal cues and develop social skills. Case Study 2

Luis, the 38-year-old male seems to be suffering from a cluster-B-personality disorder known as (301.81) Narcissistic Personality Disorder.

Possible Causes
The cause to a dysfunctional childhood, such as excessive pampering, extremely high expectations, abuse or neglect.

Potential treatments
Psychotherapy would work well here also. The long-term goal is to reshape Luis’ personality, at least to some degree, so that he can change patterns of thinking that distort his self-image and create a realistic self-image. Psychotherapy can also help him understand the causes of his emotions and what drives him to compete, and why he feels compelled to push himself onto others.

Case Study 3

Anissa, the twenty-three-year-old seems to be suffering from a Somatoform disorder, specifically (300.7) Hypochondria. Possible causes
The cause of Anissa’s disorder is evident based on the traumatic experience that she has had to endure. She was the driver of a vehicle in which two other of the people in the car died, yet she walked away from the accident with much...
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