Drop Out Risk Factors in High School Students

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Drop out risk factors in high school students

Tyrone Galimore
Parent, Child, and School
Psychology 133A-AMEA
Professor Melissa Harwin

Tyrone Galimore
Parent, Child, and School
PSY 133A-MEA

Professor Melissa Harwin
Fall semester 2012
10/11/2011

Introduction
The purpose of this Life Arts Project (L.A.P.)was to review the benefits of family involvement for children. For the purpose of this L.A.P. I am going to summarize some of the expectations that families and teachers have of each other, and what potential benefits of family involvement have on at risk high school dropout students. Some of the questions I am attempting to address are: why are African American and Latino students dropping out of high school at an astounding rate? Is there any difference when students get greater attention from advocate- counselors, and smaller class room sizes? And what are the expectations that families and teacher have on each other? In this Life arts project I focused on the impact of families and teachers involvement in high school drop outs. Literature Review

What initiatives are in place to prevent high school students from dropping out of school? Researcher has found that three out of ten Latino students dropout of high school, and one out of five African American students has also dropout out of high school. Understanding and addressing the issues surrounding students who drop out of high school is a continuous concern and pressing issues in school districts around the country. Over the past 20 years, the high school dropout rate has declined. (Center for Labor Market Studies, 2009 Cited in Featherston, B. Carl, 2010) Some of the research has been done through qualitative methods, while other research was conducted using questionnaires and more quantitative methods. High school drop out rate has decreased from 14.1 in 1980 to 8.0 in 2008 (US Department of Education, 2010) for example, this is the case for African American and Latino students. The amount of African American students dropping out of school between the age of 16-24 also decreased from 19.1 percent rate from 1980 to a 9.0 in 2008, and decreased have also been demonstrated by Latino students, 35.2 percent rate in 1980 to a 18.2 in 2008, (US Department of Education, 2010) These alarming high school dropout rates have pushed researchers and practitioners alike to distinguish the contributing factors causing students to drop out of high school. (Featherston 2010) Reflective Analysis

When I was a high school student, I myself (being of African American descent) was an at risk student on the verge of dropping out of school. If not for my Micro system support team, “Micro system- A concept associated with Bronfenbrenners’ ecological theory. The micro system includes social systems closest to child’s daily life, such as the classroom teacher and home.” (Coleman 2013), I might have not succeeded in obtaining a high school diploma. “Understanding and addressing issues surrounding students who drop out of high school is a continuous concern and pressing issue in districts around the country. Over the past 20 years, the high school dropout rate has declined, but African Americans and Latinos still have the highest dropout rates in the country…….” (Center for labor Market Studies, 2009)

Contributing Factors
Many of us are concerned with the fact that there are little job in our economy today, despite the fact that unemployment is at an all time high; today’s young people are having a difficult time finding jobs. The competition is rough, and for young people with out high school diplomas are even rougher. Why do students drop out of high schools? Here are some contributing factors, and preventive method addressing academic achievement. “Many issues surrounding the decision to dropping out of school stems beyond the students immediate grasp. Among these factors are academic achievement, socio economic status, and...
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