Doping in Sports

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 The use of banned performance-enhancing drugs

(PEDS) in sports is commonly referred to as doping.
 The word doping is probably derived from the Dutch

word dop, the name of an alcoholic beverage made of
grape skins used by Zulu warriors in order to enhance
their prowess in battle. The term became current
around the turn of the 20th century, originally
referring to illegal drugging of racehorses.
 ‘Doping’ however is as old as competitive sport itself.

 Modern times - In 1904 Olympics marathon runner,

Thomas Hicks, was using a mixture of brandy and
strychnine and nearly died. Mixtures of strychnine,
heroin, cocaine, and caffeine were used widely by
athletes .
 1928 - The International Association of Athletics
Federation (IAAF), the governing body for the sport of
track and field, become the first international sporting
federation to prohibit doping by athletes.
 Soldiers Use Amphetamines (first 'effective'
performance enhancing drugs) during WWII.
 The "Godfather of Steroids," Dr. John Bosley Zieglar,
creates an anabolic steroid called Dianabol. FDA
Approves First Anabolic Steroid for Sale in US.

 1960 - Danish cyclist, Knut Jensen First Athlete to Die

in Olympic Competition Due to Doping.
 1967 - British cyclist Tommy Simpson on
Amphetamines Becomes First Death Due to Doping in
the Tour de France  the International Olympic
Committee (IOC) establishes the Medical Commission
to fight against doping in sports.
 Hans-Gunnar Liljenwall, a member of the Swedish
modern pentathlon team, was stripped of his bronze
medal at the Mexico City Olympics (1968) when he
tested positive for excessive alcohol.
 1972 - First Full-Scale Drug Testing of Olympic
Athletes for Narcotics and Stimulants

 1975 - Anabolic Steroids Added to IOC's Banned

Substances List
 1976 - Steroid Testing Conducted for the First Time at the Montreal Olympics
 Nov. 10, 1999 - World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Is
Established based on World Conference on Doping in
Sport held in Lausanne on 2-4 February 1999 produced the
Lausanne Declaration on Doping in Sport. This document
provided for the creation of an independent international
anti-doping agency to be fully operational for the Games of
the XXVII Olympiad in Sydney in 2000.
 The United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) is the
independent anti-doping agency for Olympic sports in the
United States begins operations Oct. 1, 2000, with full
authority for testing, education, research and adjudication
for U.S. Olympic, Pan Am and Paralympic athletes

 2002 - Dr. Don Catlin, a pioneer of drug testing in sports,

identifies norbolethone, the first reported designer
anabolic steroid, in an athlete's urine sample for the first time.
 2005-2007 - UNESCO International Convention against
Doping in Sport . It is a practical and legally binding tool enabling governments to align domestic policy with the
World Anti-Doping Code (2004), thus harmonizing the
rules governing anti-doping in sport. It formalizes
governments' commitment to the fight against doping in
sport, including by facilitating doping controls and
supporting national testing programs; withholding
financial support from those who engage in or support
doping; encouraging the establishment of codes of conduct
for professions relating to sport and anti-doping; and
funding education and research.

 2009 -The National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) formed

which is the national organization responsible for

promoting, coordinating, and monitoring the doping
control programme in sports in all its forms in the
country. NADA works towards a vision of ‘dope free’
sport in India.
 Envisaged in the Copenhagen Declaration on Anti-Doping

in Sport (2004)
 Separate Disciplinary and Appeal Panel.
 Justice Mukul Mudgal Committee








Why do Athletes Take Drugs?
Pressure to succeed, either from themselves or
coaches/family
Belief that their...
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