Biology: Drugs in Sports

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Why are named drugs used in sports?

When we exercise, there is an increase in the blood flow which provides the muscles with a constant supply of oxygen and nutrients and all the toxic waste products are removed from the body by this metabolism. There are many instances where an athlete has used a drug to enhance the desired output in an unfair and illegal manner. Such a practice is termed as “doping”. Eventually in the long run, the effect of drug taking leads to other mental disorders and even death. Certain drugs such as psychomotor stimulant drugs include amphetamines (namely, amphetamine, dextroamphetamine, and methamphetamine) and methylpenidate hydrochloride (Ritalin). The most common name for these drugs is “speed”. Other used names include bennies, dexies, greenies, and pep pills. Amphetamines can be taken orally, but chronic users often inject the drug as it produces a more immediate and stronger effect. The effect of this drugs increase heart rate, respiration and blood pressure. It increases the activity of the central nervous system. These drugs affect the brain making the athlete feel more alert, confident and strong. There are certain drugs which aid in the treatment of various problems in the treatment of hyperactive children. The use of amphetamines is illegal and their use in sports is prohibited. They cause many adverse physical and psychological reactions in sports such as dizziness, insomnia, heart palpitations, sexual impotence, irregular heartbeat and tremors. Uses and problems of anabolic steroids, narcotics and stimulants:

Name
Uses
Problems
Anabolic steroids

It is used in bodybuilding,
Weightlifting and male and female athletics.
It is used in treating delayed puberty, impotence, HIV, anemia, osteoporosis and bilary obstruction. In case of controlled use of this drug, it can help boost the body’s performance for a certain period of time and then the body returns back to the normal production of hormones, but the...
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