march 2003 volume 4
Federal Campus Crime Reporting “101”
Congress has appropriated over $40 million in the fiscal years 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002 to reduce sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence and stalking on campuses by funding over 70 institutions of higher learning, technical assistance providers and other support services. Through a cooperative agreement with the Office on Violence Against Women, the California Coalition Against Sexual Assault (CALCASA) assists the US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office on Violence Against Women with the provision of technical assistance services to recipients of the "Grants to Reduce Violent Crimes Against Women on Campus Program". As a part of the Training and Technical Assistance, CALCASA will provide a series of information packets on emerging issues related to various campus programs including, but not limited to: campus victim advocacy programs, prevention programs, and disciplinary proceedings. This issue will focus on providing an overview of dating and domestic violence on campus.
Introduction . . . . . . . . .1 Inrtoduction to the problem . . . . . . . . .2 Frequently Asked Questions . . . . . . . . . .6 Myths and Facts . . . .11 Statistics . . . . . . . . . .13 Resources . . . . . . . . .15
september 2002 v o l u m e 1
introduction of the problem
"If you scream and no one helps and no one acknowledges it and people look right through you, you begin to feel you don't exist. If you existed and you screamed, someone would help you. If you existed and were visibly injured, someone would help you. If you existed and asked for help in escaping, someone would help you." Andrea Dworkin Addressing concept of dating and domestic violence is a fairly new idea for college campuses. Consequently the idea of dating and relationship violence did not exist. Although violence has been a part of intimate relationships in many societies since the beginning of time, society did not recognize dating violence as a problem until recently. The problem gained recognition in the 1970's; the first shelter to house women fleeing from domestic or dating violence was founded in 1972. Interest in courtship violence began in the 1980's with one of the first publications on physical violence among college students. Since the 70's college campuses have struggled to recognize dating and domestic violence among college students. Stereotypes attributed to domestic violence and misconceptions that violence does not happen on college campuses to college age women and men contributed to the problem. The authors of the article "Violence in the Lives of Young Women" produced by the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence summarizes the problem well, writing "While many girls endure sexual violence, battering, and harassment, violence against women is typically cast as a problem facing adults." Although college students are legally considered adults, and should be treated respectfully as adults, the quoted statement sums up the perception that college students are somehow, because of their combined age and educational status, not adults and not victims of violence. While advocates against domestic violence countered that violence was happening on campuses with young women and men the campus community did little to address the problem. Some studies have shown that violence is, in fact, common in dating relationships. Dating/Domestic Violence is defined as a pattern of controlling behavior in which an intimate partner uses
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physical violence, and/or emotional, sexual, economic, or cultural abuse to control the other partner in the relationship. · Physical violence includes kicking, pinching, hitting, choking, biting, shaking or otherwise using physical force to restrain or hurt a partner. Physical violence can be used against a victim with a...