Discuss How Hunger and Malnutrition Influence the Health and Development of Communities.Then Explain How Community Participation and National Political Commitment Can Help to Address the Effects of Hunger and Malnutrition

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Assignment no2
Course: DVA 1601
Due date: 22 March 2013

Title: Discuss how hunger and malnutrition influence the health and development of communities. Then explain how community participation and national political commitment can help to address the effects of hunger and malnutrition.

Table contents
1.Introduction
2.Definitions of health, hunger and malnutrition
3.Effects of hunger and malnutrition and how the two concepts are linked 4.How community participation can address these effects 5.National Political commitment
6.Examples of community participation and national political commitment and how they can address the effects of hunger and malnutrition 7.Conclusion
8.References

Introduction
In my assignment I will explain the effects of hunger and malnutrition on the health status of communities. I will also describe how community participation and national political commitment can assist to address these effects. The main purpose of this assignment is to discuss the social, physical and economic effects of hunger and malnutrition and how each is illustrated. The World Health Organization defines “health” as a state of a complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmity. Firstly we would look at the health and the development of a community and secondly we would look at discussion of primary health and community participation. Lastly I would give examples of community participation and National political commitment. I will focus on the primary health care of the communities and also look at the development and effects that influence Health and development of communities. Community participation is a complex and on-going process through which people are enabled to exercise varying degrees of influence over development activities that affect their lives. National political commitment is whereby a government design policies and implement the way things should be done in the country.

Definitions of Health, Hunger and Malnutrition
A healthy body is a healthy mind. Your body needs to be nourished by eating healthy food, e.g. Carbohydrates, Proteins, Vitamins, Fruits and Vegetables. To stay healthy one need to exercise to keep fit, having enough sleep and drinking a lot of water for the smooth running of the bowel system. Hunger is a state whereby a person a person does not get enough food to eat. There are people who do not have enough food to eat. There may be a famine or drought or no money to buy enough food. In South Africa there are many people who do not eat enough of the right food. Where there is a lot of poverty caused by unemployment, some families sleep on hungry stomach. The South African government is feeding learners at schools; at least they eat a balanced diet as the menu varies from day to day. Hunger and Malnutrition can cause significant health problems to people in the country. Malnutrition is a process when a person does not eat enough of the right food. In South Africa there are many people who do not eat enough of the right food or they eat too much of the wrong food. These people suffer from malnutrition and nutritional diseases. People with malnutrition do not grow properly and cannot concentrate. If things are bad, they become sick and die. This is mostly because they are too poor buying enough good food for a healthy, balanced diet. The Government should add nutrients to all the bread, flour and mielie pap because they are the most eaten brands.

Effects of hunger and malnutrition and how the two concepts are linked The main problem that poor people are faced with is the lack of jobs. In order to address poverty it is very important to invest a lot of money in order to access education, nutrition and basic health. If they could be healthy then they could get educated, for example if a child goes to school without a proper meal he/she would not be productive in the...
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