Discrimination and Equal Employment Opportunity

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"Discrimination" means unequal treatment. Title VII of The Civil Rights Act of 1964 says that no person employed or seeking employment by a business with more than 15 employees may be discriminated against due to his or her race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. While there are federal laws concerning discrimination, most states have enacted laws that prohibit it. These laws may have different remedies than the federal laws and may, in certain circumstances be more favorable than the federal laws. There are four major types of employment discrimination, and other types can usually be dealt with in regard to one of them. They are:

race
sex
age
disability

Discrimination by Race

From Title VII of The Civil Rights Act, it is unlawful to discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of his/her race or color in regard to hiring, termination, promotion, compensation, job training, or any other term, condition, or privilege of employment. Title VII also prohibits employment decisions based on stereotypes and assumptions about abilities, traits, or the performance of individuals of certain racial groups. Title VII prohibits both intentional discrimination and neutral job policies that disproportionately exclude minorities and that are not job related. Equal employment opportunity cannot be denied because of marriage to or associations with an individual of a different race; membership in or association with ethnic based organizations or groups, or attendance or participation in schools or places of worship generally associated with certain minority groups. Title VII also deals with harrassment on the basis of race and/or color. Harrassment includes the use of ethnic slurs, racial "jokes", offensive or derogatory comments, or other verbal or physical conduct. Title VII is also violated where minority employees are segregated by physically isolating them from other employees or from customer contacts.

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