Man Made and Natural Disaster Analysis
Todd A. Metcalf
EMGT 302—Professor Leah G. Littlefield
Chapter and Module 2 - October 6 2012
University of Maryland
In the Tennessee Valley many major categories of disasters are experienced which include natural disasters and man-made and looking into the main difference between them it’s importance in increasing overall knowledge of occurrences, causes of each and ensuring that your preparedness is intensified. In addressing terms of catastrophic, critical, marginal, negligible, improbable, remote, occasional, probable, and frequent and should be simple and concise using numerical and non-numerical descriptions and create a matrix for easy referencing. The process should report the terms hazard, risk, and causal factor and how causal factor seems to confuse the analysis of hazards in a pyramid of "effect, mishap, hazard, causal factor" when the factor is simply another word for hazard. Hazards should be broken down to the level where you are able to apply mitigation. Severity or risk, what is an "acceptable risk" and is it based on history, personal experience, or public pressure or based on heightening risk with the constraints of "hazards" versus "failure conditions". Improvement of information dissemination between responders and planners in the community and local government this can be accomplished by improving public understanding of the discipline, promoting and improving System Safety as a profession, promotion within jurisdictions and managing activities and objectives . Natural disasters are caused by natural phenomenon or acts of God. The extent of loss is usually based on the level of information to the public, readiness of first responders and the cooperation between emergency management at the city, county and state level. As such, this can occur in areas susceptible to vulnerability. In retrospect, man-made disasters are directly influenced by humans from negligence, human error or direct malicious intent and include occurrences such as floods (wetlands, lower elevations with high rainfall amounts and co-location with a major dam). Activity occurs regularly as Tennessee has numerous bodies of water, low lands and flood plains. Below is a chart to show some disasters in the Tennessee Valley: |Disaster |Frequent |Often |Seldom |Preparedness | |Earthquakes | |X | |Safety location identification, radio, stored food and water, flashlights | | | | | |and escape plan | |Flooding |X | | |Radio, Escape plan and a rendezvous location identification, stored food and| | | | | |water, flashlights, blankets and full tank of fuel…Cell phones | |Wind Damage |X | |X |First aid kit, insurance and evacuation plan | |Sink Holes | |X | |Safety location identification, radio, stored food and water, flashlights | | | | | |and escape plan | |Tornado activity |X | | |Radio, Escape plan and a rendezvous location identification, stored food and| | | | | |water, flashlights, blankets, evacuation plan and storm shelter…Cell phones |
The past twenty or thirty years we have experienced sinkholes and millions of dollars spent to avert major infrastructure damage. Earthquakes are experienced along the New Madrid Seismic Zone, also called the New Madrid Fault Line, this is a...