Development of the United States in the period 1700-1800
The purpose of this essay is to explain the historical development of the Thirteen colonies in the time period 1700-1800. It will be shown that the development of the colonies of the south and north differed in this time period. As the colonies developed, the need for independence grew leading to the Revolutionary war in 1776. Slavery was very diverse. In the south slavery was separated into two subcultures: the upper south and lower south. Slavery, however in the north was less vital to the colonial economy. In 1760 monarchism was well established in American culture. Americans were proud of their British culture. In most aspects colonies were already governing themselves for example Pennsylvania State House was a strong visual reminder of the power of the colonial assembly. The assemblies had become the preeminent political institutions in the colonies. As time went by, Britain started imposing unjust policies and Americans believed so as to they could not remain under British Empire any longer. Colonist eventually decided to break free and declare independence from Britain. The Battle of Lexington (1775) marked the first military conflict between Britain and America. Colonists had shown their spirited determination of their need for independence.
The southern colonies were Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Maryland. The colony of Georgia was originally founded to reform criminals and the poor by transporting them from England to a more morally beneficial environment in America. This plan was to colonize instead of imprisonment. At first they banned slavery in early Georgia, but soon after Georgia became another slave society in the lower south. (pg. 73 Keene) The highest proportion of slaves lived in the lower south, where Africans outnumbered Europeans. Southern slavery was sub divided into upper south and lower south. They both had distinctive labor systems and cultures. Lower south which consisted of parts of the Carolina’s and Georgia. The lower south was similar to a colony within a colony, which it evolved from the Atlantic Slave Trade. Rice was introduced to this region in the late 1690’s and soon became a popular export. In the 1740’s indigo was introduced to the region. By the 1730’s the Carolina’s were separated into north and south. By that time the ratio of Africans slaves to Americans was two to three. Slavery in the upper south, Chesapeake region, was remarkably different. There they worked for rice cultivation and growing tobacco. Slaves in this region were a minority compared to the lower region. (pg.80 Keene)
The northern colonies included Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire, New York, and Pennsylvania, and Delaware. Slavery in the northern colonies was less needed in the colonial economy compared to southern colonies although in some areas it did play an important role. Northern slaves included a sizable urban population, where slaves worked in domestic wealthy homes. Urban settings in the north gave African American more cultural opportunities than the slaves that resided in the south. (pg. 81 Keene) History of slavery is important in U.S. history because an African American culture emerged under slavery. Many slaves were not rebellious and simply established families, and built an African community, and practiced their own religion.
In many aspects, the colonies were governing themselves. American ideas about legislative power drew support from seventeenth-century English Wig ideas. More than a few developments in American colonial history helped reinforce the growth of legislative power. Voting in America was mainly restricted to only adult white male land holders. America’s native-born elites were not a titled British Aristocracy, with a distinct legislative body, the house of Lords, to guard their privileges and powers. Thomas Jefferson expected to join politics by election to...
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