Development Milestones

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Development Milestones Check List For Children Aged 0 – 19 Years

0 – 3 years
MonthsMotor SkillsSocial & Emotional SkillsSpeech & Language Skills 0 - 3Can lift Head
Limb Movement uncoordinated
Sucks vigorously
Follows moving object with eyes for a few seconds
Spends most of the time asleepAppears most content when in care or close proximity of mother •Development of attachment and close bonding is necessary •Presence of mother/main carer appears to be sensed

Main carers face is constantly watched by the infant
Mood swings can change quite quickly from happy to sad Cooing •Cry’s to communicate needs
Cooing sounds to show pleasure
3 - 6Kicks and pushes feet against a firm surface
Waves arms in a controlled manner
Can hold head steadily
Rolls from back to side
Lying on stomach can push up with arms to lift head
Watches hands and fingers, clasps hands
Sleeps approximately 16 hours a dayGets great pleasure form being held or cuddled •Smiles and shows pleasure
Rapid mood swings are still prevalent
Cry’s to communicate needs
Cooing sounds to show pleasure
6 - 9Can sit unsupported for short periods but supported for longer periods •Arms move purposefully
Rolls from back to stomach
Can pull themselves to a standing position if aided
Grasps using whole hand, taking every object to the mouth •Hands and eyes coordinate
Starts making different sounds
First tooth may appear

Strangers could make them feel anxious
Everything that is going on around them they are interested in and keen to see •When with mother, family or friendly people generally, vocalises, laughs and chuckles •Appears angry when removal of toys/play things but easily changes when distractedBabbling •Babbling makes up 50% of non-crying sounds

Blends of constantans and vowels make strings of sounds
Later with intonation which copies the pattern of adult speech •By the end of this stage babies can usually recognise 15 – 20 words 9 - 12Begins to crawl, wriggle, roll and shuffle (much more active) •Sits un assisted during sitting position

Picks up objects using first finger and thumb
Sleeps about 14 hours a day now
Top lateral incisors may appearDistinguishes between familiarity and strangers •Through body language will show anger or annoyance
Starts to wait for attention
Stars to play peek-a-boo gameBabbling makes up 50% of non-crying sounds •Blends of constantans and vowels make strings of sounds
Later with intonation which copies the pattern of adult speech •By the end of this stage babies can usually recognise 15 – 20 words 12 - 15Pull themselves to standing position
May walk around furniture
Could walk round assisted by an adult or independently
Crawls and shuffles very quickly
Holds a cup unaided
Uses hands and eye coordination to explore objects rather than mouth •Puts small objects into a container and pointsShows affection towards family members and primary carers •Rage can ensue when angered, tired or hungry during growth of independence •Curiosity is prevalent, but little fear shown

Less violent mood swingsFirst words
Words may be unclear at first and can be mixed into babbling •Words that have most meaning to babies will be repeated
15 - 18Stands alone
Walks unaided
Kneels
Goes up stairs on hands and knees
Active and restless
Feed themselves with finger food and tries to use a spoon •Able to build a two block tower
Starts to make marks with crayonsMore unstable emotionally than at one year old •Dependency on an adult can swing from one to the other
Shows more sense of being an individual
Jealousy is shown Holophrases
Context of a situation and tone of voice is used to supplement holophrases •One word can be used to express more than one meaning
Approximately 10 - 15 words are used by most children at this stage 18 - 21Walking quicker...
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