Development Control

Topics: Cross River State, Local Government Areas of Nigeria, Rural Pages: 21 (6634 words) Published: May 11, 2013

World J Young Researchers 2012;2(2):26 ISSN 2249-0566 2 Coker et al., 2012. Problems and Prospects of Implementing Rural Transformation Programmes

Original Article
Social Science

Problems and Prospects of Implementing Rural Transformation Programmes in Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria Maurice Ayodele COKER *, Ugumanim Bassey OBO

Policy analysts, policy advocates, and other stakeholders in socioeconomic and political development in developing societies have over years placed more emphasis on rural transformation through the development of the local government areas as the best policy option. Consequently, they have implemented numerous rural development programmes that have largely failed to achieve their set goals and objectives. We explore the reasons for these failures, which include lack of rural dwellers’ participation in policy formulation; lack of political will on the part of the policy elites to painstakingly define the problems of rural development within the context of inequality, unemployment and poverty in the society; lack of strong and appropriate network of institutions to support and implement programmes; and incongruity in programmes vis-a-vis the apparent needs and desires of beneficiaries. Others are inadequate financial bases for programmes; misapplication and misappropriation of finances and other programme inputs by implementers; lack of access to requisite technology; adoption of archaic and inappropriate technical knowledge, besides the inclination to cling on to the traditional modes of behavior. However, the paper posits that the situation can be reversed positively by: clearly defining problems of the rural societies in all its ramifications; assessing all possible options for handling the problems with minimum costs; effective monitoring of programmes, effective mobilization of rural human and material resources; and provision of rural infrastructure Keywords: Policy implementation, rural development, poverty alleviation, rural transformation, programme delivery

Affiliations: Department of Political Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, NIGERIA Email Address for Correspondence/ Adresse de courriel pour la correspondance: coker_maurice@ya Accepted/Accept: February, 2012 Full Citation: Coker MA, Obo UB. Problems and Prospects of Implementing Rural Transformation Programmes in Odukpani Local Government Area of Cross River State,Nigeria.Leav e Bland World Journal of Young Researchers 2012;2(2):26-34.

Les analystes des politiques, des défenseurs des politiques et d'autres intervenantsdans le développement socio-économique et politique dans les sociétés en développement ont au fil des ans mis davantage l'accent sur la transformation du monde rural à travers le développement des zones de gouvernement local comme la meilleure option politique. Par conséquent, ils ont mis en œuvre de nombreuxprogrammes de développement rural qui ont largement échoué à atteindre leurs buts et objectifs fixés. Nous explorons les raisons de ces échecs, qui incluent le manque de participation des habitants ruraux dans la formulation des politiques, le manque de volonté politique de la part des élites politiques à soigneusement définir les problèmesde développement rural dans le contexte de l'inégalité, le chômage et la pauvreté dans le la société, le manque de réseau solide et appropriée des institutions pour soutenir et mettre en œuvre des programmes; et l'incongruité des programmes vis-à-vis desbesoins apparents et les désirs de bénéficiaires. D'autres sont inadéquats basesfinancières pour les programmes; mauvaise et le détournement des finances et des intrants d'autres programmes par les opérateurs, le manque d'accès à la technologierequise, l'adoption de la connaissance technique archaïque et inadapté, outre la tendance à s'accrocher à des modes...
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