Describe the Nature/Scope of Criminology. Justify Why This ‘Field’ Warrants Study as an Academic Discipline at University Level, and Evaluate Its Worth to the Community Using Examples.

Topics: Crime, Criminology, New Zealand Pages: 3 (892 words) Published: April 6, 2011
Criminology literally means the study of crime although it lengthens to a lot more. Studying criminology is more than just learning about what crime is, but also an elaboration on crime from different angles. Everyone that studies the subject has a different perspective of the definition of criminology and crime, hence the reason for such variation in the job sector once graduated. According to Coleman and Norris (2000), criminology is the analysis of the nature of crime, the offenders of crime, the causes of crime, the formulation of criminal laws and law enforcement, and the ways that crime can be controlled. White and Haines (2004) state that criminology focuses on three main areas of study: the sociology of law, theories of crime causation and the study of social responses to crime. Discussed further are justifications of why criminology should be granted as an academic discipline at university.

Crime covers hundreds of different offences; from shop robberies to homicides to terrorist attacks, and triggers many different interpreted meanings. Criminology is relevant everyday in the society that we live in as crime is not planned, nor predicted, and occurs frequently. Newspapers are globally filled with articles about crimes of all sorts of causes and fatalities that require investigation. Scholarly journals and studies are frequently released; expressing keys ideas of criminology that help portray an understanding of criminology at an academic level. Having specialised knowledge in crime is critical in society to ensure that crime is dealt with in the right way in order to prevent further convictions happening.

To gain a degree in criminology, a Bachelor of Arts is often studied, majoring in criminology. Being not so specific, there are core papers that need to be completed in order to pass the course. These core papers open up the job opportunities in which you are entitled to work in. Common work areas that graduated criminologists are employed in...
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