Criminal Behavior and the Law

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Heydi Cohens
American InterContinental University
CRJS105
November 14, 2010

Abstract
This document will include the distinction amongst criminologists, criminalists and forensic psychologists as well as their individual areas of study. There will also be examples discussed of when each would be utilized. This document will also discuss any misconceptions that may occur in regards to these fields along with examples of the different misconceptions. Society has labeled the different crimes that occur and they are white-collar and blue-collar crimes and there will be a discussion about the difference between these two different crimes. There will also be a discussion on the various crimes that are calculated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation also known as the FBI in the Uniform Crime Reports. The media typically concentrates on either the white-collar or blue-collar crimes more heavily than the other and that will also be discussed along with an example of what type of crime is placed in these two categories. There are differences between an index-one crime and an index-two crime as calculated in the Uniform Crime Reports of the FBI and these differences will be addressed in this document. Finally, there will also be a discussion on which index-one crimes would be categorized as violent crimes as well as what property crimes would be classified as.

Introduction
Crime is considered to be one of the most appealing topics in popular culture and because of that the public obtains a distorted version of crime. The public unfortunately lacks some knowledge when it comes to the whole overall subject of criminology, the difference amongst blue-collar and white-collar crime as well as the broad awareness of the frequency of crime occurring in the United States. The public needs to understand the different specifics of law enforcement as well as be able to differentiate between what is real and what is not.

According to (Schmalleger, 2009), typically a dictionaries definition for a criminologist would be an individual who studies crime, the individuals who are committing these crimes known as the criminal as well their criminal behaviors. Criminologists can also be defined as an individual who is skilled in the areas of criminology. Then there is a criminalist and that is an individual who specializes in collecting as well as examining the physical evidence of the crime. These individuals vary from investigators, fingerprint experts, the individuals who photograph the crime scene and ballistics experts. Finally, the other field would be a forensic psychologist and according to (Mauro, 2010), this field is the relations of the practice and/or studies of psychology and law. Forensic psychologists evaluate as well as test patients that have been imprisoned or are being placed on trial.

These three fields differentiate from each other in a few different ways. As for a criminologist they are similar to an anthropologist which is the study of people, cultures as well as the behaviors. Criminologists focus more on the social behavior as well as how and why individuals move away from the norms of these behaviors. Criminologists create profiles of precise types of crime as well as criminals during the examination of crime statistics. Their work aide’s law enforcement in averting crime and/or quickly capture the suspect(s) after a crime has occurred. Criminologists are sometimes compared in junction with criminalists but according to (Brestovansky, 2009); criminologists are involved with psychology, sociology and individuals social behavior. Criminologists are more involved in the study of behaviors amongst certain demographics as well as analyze why they happened or change. Criminologists may have to question a suspect to find out if they fit a crime profile. Criminologists may also be present during an autopsy or the scene of a crime so they can utilize the information collected about the...
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