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NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA

SCHOOL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

COURSE CODE: CHS 217

COURSE TITLE: Introduction to Sociology

CHS 217

INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

Course Code Course Title Course Developer

CHS 217 Introduction to Sociology Dr. J. O. Fayeye University of Ilorin Ilorin Dr. J. O. Fayeye University of Ilorin Ilorin Kayode S. Olubiyi National Open University of Nigeria Lagos Prof. Afolabi Adebanjo National Open University of Nigeria Lagos

Course Writer

Course Coordinator

Programme Leader

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CHS 217

INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA

National Open University of Nigeria Headquarters 14/16 Ahmadu Bello Way Victoria Island Lagos Abuja Annex 245 Samuel Adesujo Ademulegun Street Central Business District Opposite Arewa Suites Abuja e-mail: centralinfo@nou.edu.ng URL: www.nou.edu.ng National Open University of Nigeria 2007 First Printed 2007 ISBN: All Rights Reserved Printed by For National Open University of Nigeria

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INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

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CHS 217

INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

TABLES OF CONTENTS

PAGES

Module 1……………………………………………………. 1 Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Meaning of Sociology and Society…………… Society, Nature and Individuals……………… Sociology and Human Society……………….. Origin and Development of Sociology………. The Subject Matter of Sociology…………….. 1-5 6-8 9-12 13-17 18-21

Module 2……………………………………………………. 22 Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Founding Fathers Of Sociology……………… Perspectives Of Sociology…………………… The Scientific Study Of Society……………… Sociological Analysis………………………… Social Interaction and Processes……………… 22-27 28-32 33-38 39-45 46-52

Module 3……………………………………………………. 53 Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Social Movements And Collective Behaviour Social Organization And Roles………………. Groups And Human Relationships…………… Groups And Normative Patterns……………… The Sociological Study Of Culture…………… 53-58 59-64 65-69 70-74 75-80

Module 4……………………………………………………. 81 Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Social Institutions…………………………….. Perspectives of Social Institutions…………… Synopsis of Social Institutions……………….. Concepts of Nature of Complex Organization Structure and Nature of Formal Organization 81-83 84-89 90-105 106-111 112-116

Module 5……………………………………………………. 117 Unit 1 Unit 2 Bureaucracy and Organization……………….. 117-122 Organization in Contemporary Times………… 123-126

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INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

MODULE 1
Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Meaning of Sociology and Society Society, Nature and Individuals Sociology and Human Society Origin and Development of Sociology The Subject Matter of Sociology

UNIT 1
CONTENTS 1.0 2.0 3.0

MEANING OF SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIETY

4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0

Introduction Objectives Main Content 3.1 What is Sociology? 3.2 The Meaning of Society 3.3 Why is there society? Conclusion Summary Tutor Marked Assignment References/Further Readings

1.0

INTRODUCTION

What is Sociology? What approach does it employ? What are the units of Sociological Studies? What is Society? What purpose does the society serve? Sociology, a social science subject deals with man in the society. It employs a systematic approach to study human relations and the products of such relationships. This unit examines the definition and derivation of the term ‘Sociology’. It also explains why Sociology is a social science discipline. Furthermore, the unit defines society and the indispensability or necessity of the society.

2.0

OBJECTIVES

On completion of this unit, the learner should be able to: • • • Explain the term ‘Sociology’ Describe how the term ‘Sociology’ was derived Identify purposes of society

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INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

3.0 3.1

MAIN CONTENT What is Sociology?

Sociology is the intellectual discipline concerned with developing systematic reliable knowledge about human social relations in general, and about the product of such...
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