Dem 201

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Unit 4222-237 Dementia awareness (DEM 201)

Outcome 1 Understand what dementia is
The learner can:
1. Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’
2. Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia 3. Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia. Outcome 2 Understand key features of the theoretical models of dementia The learner can:

1. Outline the medical model of dementia
2. Outline the social model of dementia
3. Explain why dementia should be viewed as a disability.
Outcome 3 Know the most common types of dementia and their causes The learner can:
1. List the most common causes of dementia
2. Describe the likely signs and symptoms of the most common causes of dementia 3. Outline the risk factors for the most common causes of dementia 4. Identify prevalence rates for different types of dementia. Outcome 4 Understand factors relating to an individual’s experience of dementia The learner can:

1. Describe how different individuals may experience living with dementia depending on age, type of dementia, and level of ability and disability 2. Outline the impact that the attitudes and behaviours of others may have on an individual with dementia.

SUGGESTED GUIDANCE ANSWERS

OUTCOME 1

For a start what does dementia mean? Very simply for such a complex area, it is an illness of the brain. What is the difference between Alzheimer’s and dementia? The word dementia is an umbrella term, which covers all the various dementias including Alzheimer’s. Alzheimer’s is the one widely recognized, and accounts for about sixty per cent, of all the dementias. Dementia is a term that is used to describe a collection of symptoms including memory loss, problems with reasoning and communication skills, and a reduction in a person's abilities and skills in carrying out daily activities such as washing, dressing, cooking and caring for self.

Memory loss - this can be one of the first symptoms...
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