Topics: Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Traumatic brain injury Pages: 13 (4968 words) Published: January 20, 2013
Running Head: DEMENTIA

Understand the Process and Experience of Dementia
[Name of the Writer]
[Name of the Institution]

Outcome 1: Understand the Neurology of Dementia
1.Range of Causes Of Dementia Syndrome
Dementia is a syndrome that has different set of symptoms and signs. There are many types of disorders which can be caused in dementia. People with dementia illnesses sometimes suffer from a number of conditions which do not experience the events as they are. Although different types of illusions or delusions, and hallucinations are imaginary, these seem to be very real and cause extreme anxiety, even panic (Ballard, O'Brien, James, Swann, 2003, pp159-160). Some of the conditions that people with dementia may experience are: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the mainly caused diseases that are caused due to memory loss, especially in case of new learning of information. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease are; altered habits of eating, wandering, depression, aggression, disinheriting, incontinence, agitation, psychosis (hallucinations and delusions), and apathy; Vascular dementia (VaD) is caused due to vascular problem such as stroke and due to losing the ability of performing already learnt tasks; Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is caused due to recurrence of motor features, visual hallucination, and cognition fluctuation; Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) leads to disturbance in language and difficulties in behaviour; Korsakoff's syndrome is caused due to long term and heavy drinking habits, in it people suffer from loss of short term memory, excessive drinking can have a negative impact on our body, both in terms of physical and mental do not need to convince anybody (Bromley, 2000, pp427-36, 438). Although sometimes we forget this, but problems such as Korsakoff's syndrome can tell us about effective recall. But it is worth the outset that it is not so, that this disease certainly occurs in those who have a significant alcohol abuse; Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a prion disease that is caused by invasion of brain by attack of prions on nervous system; Cognitive impairment related to HIV; and progressive supranuclear palsy, encephalitis, and disease of Binswanger.

2.Types of Memory Impairment Commonly Experienced by Individuals with Dementia Our memory is quite complex mechanism, in which, there are some areas responsible for certain functions. This, of course, quite imaging to determine the processes, but this way is much easier to understand. Short-term memory is sometimes referred to as an operation, as the name implies, it is responsible for storing information - usually in small quantities - and for a short period of time. With the progression of dementia, sometimes loss of memory for current occasions is rigorous and the individual might come into view to be “living in the past”. Individual might think of himself as immature and may not identify his right age. An individual with dementia disorder might not recognize general facts when he or she is asked about, such as the Prime Minister’s name. They might face complexity finding words or recalling name. They might come out to be questioning all the time.

3.Ways of Information Processing with Reference to the Abilities and Limitations of Individuals with Dementia Mostly dementia is the result of damage to brain structure that has an affect on functional ability of individuals. This damage causes inability to the brain in sending the proper directions for the needed task sequencing, in spite of the individual being capable physically for performing each task. (Dyspraxia/Apraxia) Learning and Memory are closely associated with each other. There is an involvement of acquiring new information in learning which leads to changes in behavior or knowledge of individual. Whereas, Memory comprises of information retention. Therefore, learning depends upon memory, and in case of failure of processing of information (learning) memory...
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