1.1 Define the following types of abuse:
• Physical abuse
Physical abuse involving contact planned to cause bodily harm, feelings of intimidation, other physical suffering or injury
• Sexual abuse
Sexual abuse is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another
• Emotional/psychological abuse
Emotional/psychological abuse may involve threats or actions to cause mental or physical harm; humiliation; voilation
• Financial abuse
Financial abuse is the illegal or unauthorised use of a person’s money, property, pension book or other valuables.
• Institutional abuse
Institutional abuse involves failure of an organisation to provide appropriate and professional individual services to vulnerable people. It can be seen or detected in processes, attitudes and behaviour that amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, stereotyping and rigid systems.
• Self neglect
Self-neglect is a behavioural condition in which an individual neglects to attend to their basic needs, such as personal hygiene, feeding, clothing, or medical conditions they might have.
• Neglect by others
Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the wrongdoer is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs. Neglect may include failing to provide sufficient supervision, nourishment, medical care or other needs.
1.1Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse Signs and symptoms may include:
Physical abuse---- broken bones, bruises, pressure marks, abrasions, and burns Sexual abuse-----Bruises around the breasts or genital area, as well as unexplained bleeding around the genital area and pregnancy Emotional abuse---- changes in behaviour, withdrawal from normal activities, and unusual depression. Financial abuse----- No money, food, clothes, large withdrawals of money from the bank account, sudden changes in a will, and the loss of valuable items Institutional abuse----- inadequate staffing and an insufficient knowledge base within the service, poor care standards, lack of positive responses to complex needs, rigid routines, lack of choice, individuality.
Neglect by others --- Bedsores, poor hygiene, unsanitary living conditions, and unattended medical needs. Self-neglect---- Failure to take necessary medicines, leaving a burning stove unattended, poor hygiene, confusion, unexplained weight loss, and dehydration may all be signs of.
1.2Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse Factors: setting - not enough staff, lack of trained staff, work pressure, stress Individual --- isolation, dementia, disability, vulnerability Abuser ---- stress ignorance, lack of training, abused person becomes the abuser, abuse of power, greed, frustration,
2.1 Explain the actions to take if there are suspicions that an individual is being abused The actions to take constitute the learner’s responsibilities in responding to allegations or suspicions of abuse. They include actions to take if the allegation or suspicion implicates:
Someone in the individual’s personal network
The learner’s line manager
2.2 Explain the actions to take if an individual alleges that they are being abused
Report to the appropriate person(s); record the facts on appropriate paperwork; listen and do not judge.
2.3 Identify ways to ensure that evidence of abuse is preserved
Record the facts immediately
Do not tamper with evidence.
3.1 Identify national policies and local systems that relate to safeguarding and protection from abuse
Local systems may include:
employer/organisational policies and procedures
multi-agency adult protection arrangements for a locality
3.2 Explain the roles of different agencies in...