Deductive Versus Inductive

Topics: Logic, Reasoning, Inductive reasoning Pages: 2 (741 words) Published: May 26, 2013
Deductive versus Inductive
When presenting a logical argument the process of supporting the conclusion comes from the premises provided. Therefore, to stand up and present his or her beliefs, then will need a form of logical, deductive, and inductive reasoning to establish your argument. In the approach of a valid argument, there are seven rules of deductive inference and they are Modus Ponens, Modus Tollens, Hypothetical Syllogism, Disjunctive Syllogism, Conjunction, Simplification, and Addition. An example of a classic valid argument would have the components of a subject and a predicate. An example of it would be in the form of: My pet Scarlett fetches the stick (premise), Dog’s fetch sticks (premise), My pet is a dog who fetches a stick (conclusion). In the case of Modus Ponens, will affirming the antecedent where Modus Tollens denies the consequent in the argument. An example of Modus Ponens is; If Tiffany is pregnant, she must be a woman. Tiffany will become a mother, so than Tiffany is a woman. The example of Modus Tollens; If Harley is mother, she is woman, however if Harley is not a women but a man, than Harley cannot be a mother. When moving into the Disjunctive Syllogism the use of denying the disjunctive that is the statement of the argument. Mumie is neither a firefighter nor paramedic. One thing we know is Mumie is not a paramedic. Therefore, Mumie is a firefighter. In a Hypothetical Syllogism is the first premise of a major proposition which can shows uncertain condition such as ("if A, then B") or ("either A or B"; "S and T cannot both be true"). Therefore by doing this it can be properly resolved in a second premise so that a valid conclusion. Therefore, the resolution of the problem will always in the form of affirmation or denial argument. An example of it would be; Cindy went to the beach, she got sun- burned. However, she was not sunburned, so she must not have gone to the beach. Now moving into...
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