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Adaptive Control of a Step-Up Full-Bridge DC-DC Converter for Variable Low Input Voltage Applications

Elton Pepa

Thesis submitted to the faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering

Approved:

____________ok_________________ Dr. Jason Lai (Chair)

____________________ Dr. Krishnan Ramu

____________________ Dr. William T. Baumann

February 6, 2004 Blacksburg, Virginia

Keywords: adaptive control, phase shift modulation, full bridge, converter Copyright 2004, Elton Pepa

Adaptive Control of a Step-Up Full-Bridge DC-DC Converter for Variable Low Input Voltage Applications By Elton Pepa Electrical Engineering

Abstract

This thesis shows the implementation of a novel control scheme DC-DC converter. The converter is a phase-shifted full-bridge PWM converter that is designed to operate as a front stage of a power conversion system where the input is a variable low voltage high current source. The converter is designed to step-up the low voltage input to an acceptable level that can be inverted to a 120/240 VAC 60Hz voltage for residential power. A DSP based adaptive control model is developed, taking into account line variations introduced by the input source while providing very good load dynamics for the converter in both discontinuous and continuous conduction modes. The adaptive controller is implemented using two voltage sensors that read the input and the output voltages of the converter. The controller’s bandwidth is comparable to current mode control, without the need for an expensive current sensor, yet providing the noise immunity seen in voltage mode controllers. The intended input source was a fuel cell but in its absence a DC supply is utilized instead. The system is simulated for both discontinuous and continuous conduction modes and implemented and demonstrated for the continuous conduction mode. The test results are shown to match the simulation results very closely.

Acknowledgements
First and foremost, I want to express my sincere gratitude to my advisor, Dr. Jason Lai, for his guidance, encouragement, and support during my graduate studies. His practical way of teaching, his impressive knowledge, technical skills, and creative thinking have been a source of inspiration throughout the course of my work. I am grateful to my other committee members, Dr. Krishnan Ramu and Dr. William T. Baumann. Dr. Ramu has shown his cheer, support, and advice to me from the moment I considered starting my graduate studies. The lectures, long conversations with him, and the guidance he has given me are invaluable. Dr. Baumann’s teachings of control systems have been some best lectures I have ever received during my entire school studies. My work would have not been possible without the help of a number of my fellow students. I would especially like to thank Jerry Francis for his support and help with the DSP work, testing, and great friendship. I am extremely grateful to: Chris Smith, Damian Urciuoli, Andy Mclandrich, Amy Johnson, Mike Gilliom, Mike Schenck, and Joel Gouker, all of whom I spent countless late nights and early mornings working on the FEC competition; Xudong Huang, who was my partner in the Delphi project; and other FEEC students including Changrong Liu, Huijie Yu, Junhong Zhang. There are also some past and present CPES students and friends including Lincoln, Troy, Jeremy, Leonard, Carl, Daniel, Doug and Sebastian that are deserving of my appreciation. Additionally, I would like to thank my good friends from the Albanian Club at Virginia Tech, who to some extent have eased the longing I have for my family and friends back home. Most importantly, I would like to thank my parents and my brother for everything that they have done for me throughout my life and the joy they have brought to me for just having their support. I only hope that what I have...
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