To what extent did the American Revolution fundamentally change American society? In your answer, be sure to address the political, social, and economic effects of the Revolution in the period from 1775 to 1800.
The American Revolution was a critical turning point in American history. Following the French and Indian War, Britain ignored its previous policy of salutary neglect and began intervening in the colonies affairs through taxes, occupation of soldiers, violation of civil liberties, all the while ignoring colonial pleas for representation in Parliament. These events led to the “shot heard ‘round the world” at the Battles of Lexington and Concord in April 1775. America was now at war with Britain. Nevertheless, the impact of the American Revolution on America was extremely varied. Politically, the United States left behind a monarchical government and ended with a constitutional democracy with a strong federal government, but with separation of powers, and checks and balances. Socially, life improved for African-Americans, remained the same for women, and became harsher for Native Americans. Economically, America endured a recession that led to Shays’ Rebellion and America to focus on economic self-sufficiency particularly farming. Thus, the American Revolution can be said to have fundamentally changed American society. Before the Revolution, the colonists were ruled by a constitutional monarchy in Britain headed by King George III and Parliament. Britain exercised complete control over the colonies and denied the colonists representation in Parliament. Thus, after the colonists defeated the British at the Battle of Yorktown in 1781, they created a governmental system that allowed each State to be independent. The Articles of Confederation, written mainly by John Dickinson, gave very little power to the federal government; the majority of power rested with the states. States maintained their own militias, printed their own currency, and collected...
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