The period 1750 to 1776 is often referred to as the “Road to Revolution” due to the in increased tension between the colonists and England. The English parliament passed numerous acts that increased colonial taxes, angering the colonists. Between 1750 and 1776, in response to the tax laws, the colonies united and formed the ultimate identity of the United States of America.
As early as 1754, the colonial unity was beginning to be discussed by several colonies and individuals. The Pennsylvania Gazette printed a cartoon of the colonies as a snake divided into eight pieces (New England was represented as one piece and Georgia and Rhode Island were not included) along with the imperative statement “Join or Die” (A). This cartoon stressed the importance of colonial unity and urged colonies to unite. In the same year at the Albany Congress, Benjamin Franklin proposed the Albany Plan of Union, which attempted to unite all of the colonies; however, it was not implemented because several colonists as well as the English Parliament refused to agree with the idea. Nevertheless, it was one of the first steps towards colonial unity and it showed that there was thought about a united colonies. The French and Indian War, also known as the Seven Years’ War in Europe, began in 1756 and lasted until 1763. Due to the war, England had amassed a huge debt; to pay off their war expenses the crown began to tax the colonies in America. Parliament passed the Sugar Act in 1764, the Stamp Act in 1765, the Townshend Acts in 1767, the Tea Act in 1773, and Intolerable Acts in 1774 – the final nail. These taxes angered the colonists and the protested “No Taxation without Representation.” In response the Stamp Act, the colonists formed the Stamp Act Congress, a meeting of all but four colonies, in which they wrote and sent a “Declaration of Rights and Grievances” to the King and protested the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act was repealed, but Parliament ignored the...
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