Question: In what ways and to what extent did constitutional and social developments between 1860 and 1877 amount to a revolution?
Doc A:South Carolina declaration of Causes of Secession, Dec. 24, 1860.
Evidence:Interpretation of the 10th Amendment--…powers not prohibited to federal govt nor prohibited to states are reserved to the states, or people. Inference:Challenges Article 4, section 4 and Article 6, section 2; assumes the compact theory of government supersedes that of national sovereignty.
Doc B:Senator John Sherman (R. Ohio) speech in Congress on the new banking and currency systems (Fe. 1863)
Evidence:the great evil of the time is to impose state views above national views. It will not lead to love of country. Inference:subscribing to compact theory of government will destroy the United States
Doc C:Petition from American Citizens of African descent to the Union convention of Tennessee Assembled in the capitol at Nashville (Jan. 1865)
Evidence:Trust the black with weapons to fight the rebels on the battlefield but why not in the ballot box? Inference:Success cannot be simply the battlefield it must also be the political equality of all. Otherwise a pyrrhic victory
Doc D:Gideon Welles, Lincoln’s Secretary of the Navy, Diary Entry (May 1865)
Evidence:Slavery must be ended but enfranchisement of blacks is not constitutional permissible. Inference:Rebel states should not feel that a new social or political structure will be imposed. States can retain discriminatory ways; only slavery will end.
Doc. E:The Freedmen of Edisto Island petition to the Commissioner of the Freedman’s Bureau and to the President for the Opportunity to Obtain Their Own Land, Edisto Island, and S.Carolina. (Oct. 1865)
Evidence:Right of blacks, who have been true to the Union, to purchase a homestead has been...