Although the art of glazing pottery was known in India from ancient times, the finest pottery in India is of the unglazed variety. This unglazed pottery has a wide range. Very fine paper-thin pottery is produced in Kutch, Kanpur and Alwar. Alwar is known for paper-thin pottery called Kagzi. There are three different styles in unglazed pottery.
1. Paper thin, biscuit colored pottery with incised patterns. 2. Here the pot is polished, painted with red and white slips into intricate patterns while the outline is incised. The scrafito technique is used here. 3. In this style, highly polished pottery is given strong, deeply incised, stylized patterns of arabesques. The rest of the area is covered with rows of black dots and the contrast in color and texture gives the incised area greater prominence. Black pottery|
Kangra is noted for black pottery, which resembles the Harappan pottery style.Pokhran has stylized forms with incised decorative patterns. Kanpur makes thin pottery with incised designs. Meerut and Jhajjar make slim necked water containers called surahis. These are half -turned and half -moulded and have a variety of patterns and designs. Kutch is famous for pots, terracotta horses and elephants. The pots are made for different occasions like marriages, death, etc. Nizamabad in Uttar Pradesh is noted for black pottery with silver patterns worked in it. This is similar to the Bidar work of Andhra where oxidized gunmetal is inlaid with silver wire. | Glazed Pottery
In India, the making of Glazed pottery came into being with the advent of the Arab influence in India. Only a few centers in India are known for its production. Glazed pottery with white background and blue and green patterns is developed in Delhi, Amritsar, Jaipur, Khurja, Chunar and Rampur in Uttar Pradesh, and Karigari in Tamilnadu.|
Ceramic pots of Jaipur put up for sale |
Delhi, Khurja and Jaipur are known for the famed Blue Pottery. This does not involve the usage of clay. First, the basic forms are created and then they are painted on the surface. Then it is covered with finely ground glass and fired. |
Marble inlay works|
In Chunar, the raised designs in Surahis are adapted for glazed pottery. A brown slip is given finally.In Karigari in Tamilnadu, biscuit ware is created with incised patterns and given a blue or green glaze.| TERRACOTTA
Terracotta works used
The rural parts of India commonly display terracotta animal figures in places of worship or under the mango or pipal trees in the vicinity of temples. The potters mostly do the terracotta figures. In some parts of Indian villages, the women folk create their own forms of Gods for worship and other decorative pieces for adorning their houses. |
Clay toys common in India.|
Tamilnadu is famous for the terracotta figures of the Aiyanar Deity. The figures are huge and they are found standing guard at the entrances of villages protecting the insiders from evil spirits. Gujarat also has votive figures like horses with riders, etc. | PAPIER-MACHE
Taimur Lang - Persia
A Fish pattern made of Papier Mache|
The base of this craft is paper pulp coarsely mashed and mixed with copper sulphate and rice-flour paste. Then moulded by covering the mould with a thin paper and then with layers of this mixture. The designers then sketch the designs intricately and finally it is laquered and polished in bright colors. A touch of golden color is always found on all papier-mache products owing its root to the Persian design.|
The flowing linear patterns on the floor of beaten clay are worked with rice paste. Different states have different names for this: it is Alpana in Bengal, Aripana in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, Mandana in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh, Rangoli in Gujarat and Maharastra and Kolam in South India.