Cultural Evolution of Early Filipinos

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Cultural evolution of the early Filipinos

Through archaeological records and extensive researches, Historians believed that during the Pleistocene Epoch, the first settlers of the Philippines .

Pleistocene Epoch

The first settlers of the Philippines came from the present-day islands of the Malay Archipelago when sea levels were lower, creating land bridges to the Southeast Asian mainland.

These Paleolithic Hunters

May have followed herds of wild animals across these land bridges to the Phil. Islands.

Some of these early migration were made by the ancestors of the present-day people of the Aeta and Agta tribes.

Some western historians assume that the aborigines of the philipines were the Autralo-melanesian people who are distinctively small with dark skin and curly brown hair. They were the ancestors of the people know today as Negritos or Aetas .

The Mainland Origin Hypothesis by Peter Bellwood of the Australian National University and K.C. Chang of Harvard University maintains that the early inhabitants originated from South China and Taiwan.

The other hypothesis, the Island Origin Hypothesis, believes that the prehistoric people originated and dispersed from an island in Southeast Asia.

Historians presuppose that between 300 and 200 B.C. , inhabitants of Malay-Polynesians descent settled in the Philippine archipelago.There were 30-100 families in a society know as barangay.

Tool assemblages,clothing,pottery,jewelry and the like are technological artifacts. These man-made objects illustrate the ability of man to respond to the condition to the environment.

Skills were handed down from generation of generation.

Culture may be associated with manufactured materials, for these are products of human behavior. Certainly, the structuring of the early Filipino society has been achieved in response to the needs of prehistoric Philippine communities.

Old Stone Age or Paleolithic Period (50,000-10,000 B.C.)
Is the era of crudge stone tools and weapons. In the phil, it was believed to have started in Cagayan, Valley.

Man had no other tools than sharp edged stones that could be held by the hand. Many kinds of stones, which naturally produce sharp edges when broken or chipped, were commonly used. Such implements are called core tools if the remaining core itself is used as the tool. Pebble tools are those rounded stones like those found in the riverbeds. They are called cobble tools if these rounded stones are larger. Flake tools are skillfully edged and shaped.

Core tools

Then remaining core itself is used as the tool.

Pebble tools

Those rounded stones like those found in the riberbeds.

Cobble tools

These rounded stones are larger.

Flake tools

Are skillfully edged and shaped.

Man’s principal way of adaption to the environment was by hunting. These stone tools could be used for smashing the bones of animals and shellfish that they have gathered. These implements may also be used in cutting, splitting, stripping, and piercing wooden branches, palm leaves, and bamboo. Tree barks were used for clothing.

Certainly, with the abundance of fish in rivers and seas, method of preparing food were conceived.

KINILAW. To be the first earliest method of preparing fish for consumption where vinegar or lime juice enhances the taste of fish.

In Mindanao, the juice of the tabon-tabon (Hydrophytune orbiculatum) a green fruit.

Tabon Cave

Tabon Bird

New types of stone tools appeared in various parts of the Philippines, more polished and highly specialized, primarily blade and ax- and adz- like forms for forest clearing and boat making. The smooth surface of this type of stone tools was made possible by rubbing against another stone. This development resulted to the so-called New Stone Age or Neolithic Period.

New Stone Age or Neolithic Period (10,000-500 B.C)
Otherwise known as Agricultural Revolution by Antropogist. Root crops like taro(gabi) and yam (ubi)...
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