Cross Cultural Leadership: Australia and India

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CONTENTS
* INTRODUCTION

* COMPARISON BETWEEN AUSTRALIAN AND INDIAN CULTURES

* LEADERSHIP STYLES IN AUSTRALIA
* 3.1) VISIONARY LEADERSHIP
* 3.2) NARCISSISTIC LEADERSHIP
* 3.3) EGALITARIAN LEADERSHIP
* 3.4) BUREAUCRATIC LEADERSHIP

* LEADERSHIP STYLES IN INDIA
* 4.1) AUTHORITARIAN LEADERSHIP
* 4.2) LAISSEZ-FAIRE LEADERSHIP
* 4.3) DIRECTIVE LEADERSHIP
* 4.4) SERVANT LEADERSHIP

* LEADERSHIP STYLES OF INDIAN MANAGERS EFFECTIVE IN AUSTRALIA * 5.1) VERSATILE LEADERSHIP
* 5.2) ANALYTICAL LEADERSHIP

* INTIAL ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN ON ARRIVAL

* CONCLUSION

* REFERENCES

INTRODUCTION
Leadership is a very subjective term. It has been attempted to be defined in many different ways. Basically it can be outlined as- the job of a person heading a team of people, to facilitate the group and interlock them in a course of action by stimulating their complete poten0tial. In our world today, people come from very many different belief systems and it is essential for a leader to motivate each one of his personnel in the best possible manner to maximise the strength of his team. Cultural leadership is fundamental for any leader working with people with different ethnicities and also to amend his ways when moved to a different location. “Leadership: the art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it.” -Dwight D. Eisenhower

COMPARISON BETWEEN AUSTRALIAN AND INDIAN CULTURES
The cultures of Australia and India are very different from each other. As shown in the chart below the fundamentals of both the countries are just about the inverse of one another. Australia| India|

Egalitarianism| Elitist|
Meritocracy| Nepotism/ Cronyism|
Individualism| Conformity |
Pragmatic | Idealism|

The terminologies used in the chart are briefly explained below. Australia:
Egalitarianism: people belief in giving and having equal rights and social worth. Meritocracy: payment in accordance to performance and educational qualifications. Individualism: a society that favours self-reliance and liberty in action of individuals. Pragmatic: a realistic approach based on practicality rather than theoretical reflections.

India:
Elitist: the society favours and is dominated by the elite
Nepotism/Cronyism: jobs are handed to relatives or friends based on favouritism. Conformity: compliance with social norms and conventions.
Idealism: diverse systems of beliefs, mostly the objects of learning are in some way supported by the pursuit of the mind.

When a manager is moved from India to Australia it is essential for him to understand the difference between the fundamentals of both the countries and the human resource he would have to deal with.

LEADERSHIP STYLES IN AUSTRALIA:

VISIONARY LEADERSHIP:
Visionary leadership is escalating productivity by sharing a foresight with the team. Visionary leaders entrust their subordinates to be responsible and efficient, and thus exercise limited supervision. The task of decision making is handed to the frontline. CEO Ray Anderson of Interface Carpets had a vision of turning his global brand into an environment friendly corporation because he could sense the approaching global crisis. Expanded into Australia about 40 years ago, Interface launched a new initiative, where in people could rent a carpet instead of buying one, this way it can be replaced after it wears out, and all the old components are recycled. Anderson also replaced petroleum-based supplies with vegetable-based substitutes reducing emissions by 24%. Another example of visionary leadership is Prime Minister Keating; he brought about many economic reforms in Australia that led to the float of the Australian dollar. NARCISSISTIC LEADERSHIP:...
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