Thinking is a tool of life. Critical thinking is a term of thinking deeply, in spirit, where to gathered information from experience, reflection, evidence to reach an answer or conclusion. Critical thinking is “the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action.” (Michael Scriven & Richard Paul 1987). Critical thinking enhanced people to develop an effective analysis and creates arguments based from the research. This essay will identify and understand what is meant of critical thinking; the barriers of critical thinking; and how to present critical thinking to other, such as core professional obligations, values, and operations of organizations.
To understand the term critical thinking we need to examine clearly on descriptions. According to Macmillian (2011), Critical thinking is “a cognitive activity associated with using the mind”. This demonstrates that “think critically” is combined with mental processes such as attention, where it given an evidence from the point of views; judgments to make an argument with an outcome of conclusions; and decision making to present a point of view which is clear, well-reasoned way that is persuasive to others. Critical thinking is associated with reasoning where reader point out the arguments to analyses, and evaluating in detail. Reasoning might involves with analyzing evidence and drawing conclusion on its. (Macmillian 2011) Critical thinking is important to the audience as it develop reflective thought and a tolerance for ambiguity; it also improves our creative ideas. In an academic purpose, students are expected to develop critical thinking skills in their own deeper mind with their arguments and theories, but the process of thinking might obscure because the information is intensive. Being able...
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