Criminal Justice 212
Prof: Christopher Geraghty
Is criminology "gender-blind" : women and crime( by and against)
Woman in Criminology has a really big change from back in the days till now.
Before woman where not that involved in crime either if it was in the good side
like being a cop, detective, lieutenant, or of it was in the bad side, as to being the
one committing the crime. Criminology, as with all academic disciplines, was a
male-dominated sphere. Men regarded the world through a very narrow lens, and
the experiences of women rarely provoked serious interest.
Back in the days woman where more likely to stay home, cook, take care of kids
and wait for their husbands to get home, not even work. Woman were not much
socialized with society other than other woman and did not spend much time in
the streets as men did. Woman were not viewed as a big factor in society rather
than the male which was the man working to bring food home. There were not
much activity for a woman to be out in the streets much as too like sports and
jobs. Very few of them would practice one of those options.
Where woman were mostly considered as as a criminal was with prostitution. This
was the most popular crimes for woman since it was hard to find a woman or a
young girl being in a gang since back in the days there was more discipline with
kids and woman depended on their husbands.
Men were more involved in crimes since they were in the streets more, hanging
out with friends, playing sports or working since women were not really able to
work much or just believes were much different back then. Most police officers,
detectives, judges or anything involved with law enforcement were men.
Now a days everything is equal, there is as much woman involved in crimes and
the law enforcement just like men. Ever since woman became more independent
they have been more involved in crimes as such as stealing, murdered, kid
napping and a ton of different other crimes. When woman first started getting
more involved in crimes was more with an influence of men. Either a lover or
close friends. Now they make their decisions to be involved in crimes by
themselves just like men do.
Accordin g to www.ukdissertation.com and this is their explination of why there
are more woman in jail right now ‘’ Carlen summarises the responses given as
thus: (1) more women are committing violent crimes; (2) more women who
would not have previously gone to prison are going due to increasing involvement
with drugs; (3)more black women are going to prison so racism may be the key; or
(4)prison is being used to incarcerate the same social categories for women that it
always has – the destitute, the most obviously gender deviant, and the mentally
disturbed – but the numbers of women presenting themselves in these categories
have increased with growing economic inequality (Carlen, 1998: 51).
Another explanation is that women are becoming more violent, indeed the
proportion of female prisoners under sentence for crimes of violence against the
person was indeed (at 20 per cent) only two present less than the proportion of
male prisoners. Fletcher (1975, in Carlen, 1998: 52) supports this view: ‘It is
undoubtedly the case that the level of convictions of violence against the person
has increased among women.’ However, he also points out that, ‘the female
prison population has … risen steeply whilst serious convictions have actually
fallen’; suggesting that this may be due to longer sentences being served. As will
be seen later, it is much more likely that it is the increase in more punitive
sentencing for trivial crimes that is more likely to offer an explanation.
Things have changed a lot...