Criminal Courts

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 237
  • Published: April 10, 2011
Read full document
Text Preview
University of phoenix

Criminal Courts

Criminal courts are a process. Most assume that all the action takes place when the trial starts, but this is not true for all proceedings. Most offenders will enter a guilty plea to comply with a prosecutors “deal” offered to the offender. What is considered to be a courtroom work group?

A courtroom work group is a group of participates in a criminal trial. The participants can be divided into two categories: professionals and outsiders. The professionals are the officials that work in the courtroom for a living, which includes judges, prosecuting attorneys, defense attorneys, public defenders, and court reporters. The professionals are called the courtroom work group. (Schmalleger, 2009) How does this courtroom work group interact on a daily basis?

“Courts plan ahead for Pandemic. Where everything infectious was passed around, he knows how fast flu can move through a group in his…, essential functions, telework, alternate worksites, and recovery, each court tailors the templates… for its anticipation of needed information and procedures to be followed should a pandemic or other emergency require all or most judges and employees to work from home for an extended period of time… and which of our operations could continue if we had to work from home for an extended period …

The work group for example: work as a well-oiled machine or function as a beehive, everyone knows their place and job, however they have the ability to easily move into a position that needs to be filled at the last minute. (News/Third Branch/9-11-30) What changes to the courtroom work group would you recommend?

I would recommend acquiring more security for the violent offenders. In recent times the offenders have taken control of the deputy’s weapon and had a shoot out in the courtroom. This needs to be prevented. More security in the courtroom and not standing so close with a gun are a couple of choices. Another recommendation would be to leave the personal business out of the courtroom. The work group is working so close together whether they want it or not their personal feelings, opinions whatever one would like to call it seeps into the courtroom. This changes the dynamics of the case and in turn the outcome of the case. I would suggest an impartial judge to watch the work group to keep everything honest and fair. How would you define the pretrial criminal process?

The pretrial is what goes on before and trial, if a trial does occur. The first court appearance is the arraignment. Here is where the defendant goes before a judge and enters a plea of guilty, not guilty, or no contest. If bail has not already been set for the defendant bail will be set at the arraignment hearing. Bail is not given to a defendant in all cases. A judge can decide to deny a defendant bail. If this occurs the defendant will sit in jail until his or her trial, or until a plea bargain is reached between the defendant and the prosecutor. How does this affect post arrest processes and trial?

During arraignment a judge will decide if there was probable cause of the arrest that took place. If there was not probable cause the defendant must be released, if probable cause is present than the next step is a pretrial where the case is scheduled for a trial. In a misdemeanor case “a defendant will enter a plea at the pretrial. At other times, the case will be scheduled for a "bench trial," "jury trial," or "plea hearing."”. (Larson A., 2000) If a defendant is charged with a felony, but has not been "indicted" by a "grand jury," the next step will likely be a "preliminary examination" (Larson A., 2000) where the prosecution must show the judge a crime did take place and the defendant is responsible for this crime. During the preliminary examination the defendant can question witnesses and may also testify on their own behalf. In most cases the defendant will not testify for themselves because it...
tracking img