Criminal Acts

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Criminal Acts and Choices

University of Phoenix

Abstract
This paper will identify and describe choice theories and also how they relate to crime. This paper will list and describe the common models used by society to determine which acts are considered to be criminal, how they are affected by choice theories, and how they are enforced by the government. Both of the models may be different but they both tell us something about the system that out agencies use today.

Criminal theories can be very frustrating but captivating at the same time. Everyone has a different outlook on why people commit crimes. Many offenders commit crimes because the rewards weight out the penalties in the act of crime they are committing. Choice theories related to a criminal behavior have been created to determine a reason why a crime has been committed. What is choice theory? “Choice theory states we are motivated by a never ending quest to satisfy the following five basic needs woven into our genes: to love and belong, to be powerful, to be free, to have fun and to survive” (Sullo, 2010, para. 1). Choice theory relates to criminal behavior because it tells us how crime was created. This theory explains that a criminal’s motivation to do a crime is on purpose. Choice theory states that we are internally motivated because you choose your own behavior.

There are two common models used by society to determine certain criminal acts. For starters, “consensus model assumes that each of the component parts of the criminal justice system strives toward a common goal and that the movement of cases and people through the system is smooth due to cooperation between the various components of the system” (Schmalleger, 2009). This model sometimes can imply a greater level of organization among different agencies of justice than what really exits. Consensus model relates to choice theory by the five basic needs....
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