Cosmopolitan peacekeeping and peacebuilding in Sierra Leone: what can Africa contribute? David Curran and Tom Woodhouse
Kofi Annan called for a reform in the UN General Assembly in regards to global politics. Annans process of reform was called ‘thinking anew’. In spite of Annans process of ‘thinking anew‘, more than 300 recommendations for reform have been filed. Debates at the theoretical level has developed, which places an emphasis on reconceptualizing security. Norms on security have changed from state-centered norms to globalization of security in which we consider human security norm. Also, the reconceptualization of peacekeeping evolved in a manner to integrate soft and hard power poles of activity. This suggest, peacekeeping forces are able to use force to protect populations from imminent danger. The authors coined the term cosmopolitanism peacekeeping. According to the authors, cosmopolitan peacekeeping is the best set of ideas Africa should follow. The idea of cosmopolitan peacekeeping directs to international politics and the duty to protect civilians. The authors focus on Africa’s contributions to peacekeeping and building and suggest that with the ideas of cosmopolitan peacekeeping, security regime building and conflict resolution can be relevant in Africa. The authors examine the conflict in Sierra Leone and apply which cosmopolitan peacekeeping were evident in this case study. Second, the authors explore the possibility of a cosmopolitan peacekeeping force emerging. The authors suggest, at regional and continental levels in Africa the ASF can possibly terminate conflict if they choose to employ ideas of cosmopolitan peacekeeping. Conflicts in Sierra Leone and Democratic Republic of Congo were thought to be irresolvably violent conflicts, but with robust peacekeeping strategies a certain degree of success can be recognized. Success in Sierra Leone and DRC demonstrates, Africa has taken collective action and have began to show political will...
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