Correlational Study of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and the Personal Need for Structure Personality Tests
There have been many uses for personality tests in psychological studies. They can serve as screens for participants, tools for determining possible causations, or even be the subjects of the studies themselves. Although there are several different types of personality tests, many of them test for similar traits. An example of this can be seen in Neuberg and Newsom’s (1993) study on the Personal Need for Structure (PNS) scale when they compared it with other scales like the Big Five Personality Traits. Their study showed many strong correlations, which suggested that almost all personality tests are in some way related. This study examined whether or not that suggestion included the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator scale (MBTI).
The MBTI is a personality test that separates traits into one of eight categories. These categories are paired into four dimensions which contain two opposite traits. The purpose of the test is to discover whether or not a person displays one of the traits more than the other. These paired traits include “Introverted/Extraverted, Sensing/Intuitive, Thinking/Feeling, and Judging/Perceiving”. The extraverted trait is described as a person who is quick into action and very sociable. The introverted trait is the opposite, or in other terms someone who thinks before acting and requires a certain amount of alone time. The sensing trait is someone who is mentally in the present and uses past experience to find solutions. The intuitive trait describes a person who is thinking ahead and prefers creating new solutions to problems. The thinking trait involves using logic and facts to make a decision. The feeling trait goes mostly on personal emotions for decision making. The judging trait is someone who...