Contributing Factors to the Length of Marital Relationships

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Chapter I

Introduction

Background of the Study

An important institutional element of the family is marriage. It is the cultural mechanism that ensures its continuity. Marriage is an institution consisting of clusters of mores and folkways, of attitudes, ideas and ideals, of social definitions and legal restrictions. Marriage is a special contract of permanent union between a man and a woman entered into accordance with law for the establishment of conjugal and family life (http//:www.learningpartnership.org/resources/legislation/nationallaw/phils (2007). It is the foundation of the family, an inviolable social institution, the purpose of which may not necessarily be for procreation or to have children but for companionship as in the case of couples past the age of procreation. Almost half of all new marriages in the United States end in divorce. In the Philippine setting, divorce is non-existent partly because the Filipinos are naturally religious individuals and the fact that the Church, especially the Catholic Church, does not acknowledge the idea of separation and annulment. Still, the option of legal separation or annulment of troubled marriages is prevalent in our country especially among the upper and middle classes, while desertion or informal separation is common among the lower social classes (Reyes, 2004). Apparently, some parents place their own happiness before the good of their children. Others are more conscientious and terminate their marriage precisely to save their children form dysfunctional family situation. In either case, the children are always the victims, although not the only ones to suffer. The society would like to minimize this suffering. The researchers were eager to know what makes a relationship of separated couples very brief, thus weakening the bond between husbands and wives, parents and child. Or in some cases, relationships stand long enough in trying to save the marriage. Later, when the situation becomes intolerable, repressed feelings and pent-up emotions explode which could lead to the ending of the relationship. Indeed, separation becomes inevitable in any way. There are many conditions that affect the stability of marital life and which may often lead to marital dissolution. Some of these conditions are number of children, social class, similarity of background, time of marriage, time at which the couple become parents, reason for marriage, economic status, parental model and ordinal position in childhood family. However, it is important to realize that not one of these conditions alone is likely to lead to separation, annulment or divorce. Instead a constellation of causes is far more responsible. Certain conditions only contribute to poor marital adjustments but may not necessarily be the actual causes of breakup (Hurlock, 1982). Could the factors or conditions that exist before or after the marriage be associated with the length of the marital relationship of separated couples? Can these conditions alone determine which individuals were most likely to experience marital breakup? These are some of the questions that the researchers will try to answer in this study.

Statement of the Problem

This study aims to determine the contributing factors to the length of marital relationship of separated couples in Barangay San Miguel Puerto Princesa City. 1. What is the distribution of the respondents in terms of the following variables: A. Pre-existing Factors

a. Educational attainment
b. Parent’s marital status
c. Length of engagement
d. Practice of premarital sex
e. Similarity of religion
B. Existing Factors
a. Domestic setting
b. Time of parenthood
2. What is the distribution of the respondents in terms of the length of marital relationship? 3. Is there a significant relationship between the pre-existing factors and the length of marital relationship? 4. Is there a significant relationship between the existing factors and the length of...
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