Contemporary Issues in Public Administration

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Names| Country/Date/Era| Theory/Definition/Statement|
1-Aristotle|  Greek/384 BC –322/Ancient philosophy| He was of the approach that administering society’s public decision and allocating its public resources. The approach recognizes the ambiguity of administrative discretion and the fact that administrators depend on substantive norms (values) to guide their interpretation of law and their allocation of resources. | 2-John Locke|   England /29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704/17th-century philosophy| John Locke strongly emphasized on the liberty of the administrators, his theory gives an account of why it is legitimate for public administrators to sometimes perform functions that are legislative or judicial in nature and encourages public administrators to interpret directives from those with greater political authority in light of respect for rights and the public will.| 3-Thomas Hobbes| England /5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679/17th-century philosophy| He is of the idea that sovereignty may lie in one man or in an assembly of men but once established it has absolute power to make laws. | 4-Rousseau | Switzerland /28 June 1712  – 2 July /18th century philosophy| According to him the general will is always right, and it always tends toward the public utility. Only the general will can direct the forces of state according to the purpose for which it was instituted, which is the common good. | 5-Montesquieu | France /18 January 168910 February 1755/18th century philosophy| He clearly distinguished the three fundamental powers in public administration: legislative, executive and judiciary. He concludes that the mere existence of these independent powers guarantees the liberty of citizens, which was his most important guiding principle. | 6-Thomas Paine| England/February 9, 1737 – June 8, 1809 18th century philosophy| He advocates the representative government because representation makes it...
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