Condoms in High School

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Jennifer LoweSpeech 101T & Th 8-9:15 I. Introduction
A. Attention
Did you know that AIDS is the sixth leading cause of death among those from ages 15 to 24 years old; and each year approximately 1 million teenage girls in the United States will become pregnant? B. Background

A heated topic of debate among many parents and public high schools is sex. Further, what message would distributing condoms at high school say about sex? A majority of parents would agree that it sends a negative message out to impressionable teenagers, that being sexually active is socially acceptable and even expected. In Seventeen Magazine the article “Sexual Reality” by Anne Fearon it states that most school officials, and even doctors agree, that it does not send that message at all. It promotes safe sex. Two-thirds of all STD’s occur in people 25-years-old and younger. Some people say this startling statistic is caused by teaching any objectives in health classes that are not abstinence. They believe that making condoms available upon request and teaching different forms of contraception promote sexual promiscuity. I agree with Dr. Victor Strasburger, of the New Mexico School of Medicine, who claims “Until Americans get over their hysteria about giving teenagers access to birth control, we will continue to have the highest teen pregnancy rates in the western world. If we want to attack this problem, we must not be afraid to fight it. Each year, an estimated 3 million adolescents are infected with STDs, accounting for 25 percent of the estimated 12 million new STDs occurring annually in the United States. In 1997, one-half of all new HIV infections in the United States occurred in people under the age of 25. One in four new HIV infections in the U.S. occurs in people under the age of 22. Making condoms available in public high schools would help to lower both pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease rates among teenagers. C. Specific Purpose / Central Idea

Today I would like for you to consider how important the need for condoms to be distributed in high school really is.We will look at three specific areas; the first area, being the need for condoms to help reduce teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases; secondly, why the condom availability programs that are in action are successful; third, how condom availability programs reduce the barriers—financially and socially—that would generally prevent sexually active teens from using condoms. Discussion / Body

A. Now we will discuss the first issue; the need for availability of condoms to help reduce teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. The risks that come along with having unprotected sex are well known; there is pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, which eventually kills all who have it. In 2008, there were more than 1.5 million total cases of chlamydia and gonorrhea reported to CDC — making them the two most commonly reported infectious diseases in the United States. Most infections have no symptoms or signs and often go undiagnosed and untreated, which may lead to severe health consequences, especially for women. Left untreated, 10 to 20 percent of chlamydia and gonorrhea infections in women can result in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) — a condition that can cause long-term complications such as chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility. Untreated STDs are estimated to cause at least 24,000 women to become infertile each year. Adolescent girls and young women are especially hard hit by these two diseases. The largest number of reported cases of both chlamydia and gonorrhea in 2008 was among girls between 15 and 19 years of age. Another risk factor in sexual activity is HIV. It is a retrovirus that causes AIDS. HIV is spread through bodily fluids including semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk and blood. In teenagers, HIV can be particularly devastating, especially for those who don't...
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