Concept of Communication

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Communication is sharing our feelings, ideas and opinions with others. This can be intellectual, personal, spoken or written in nature. We live in groups and man is invariably a social animal. As the social needs insist that we share our thoughts with others. This can be called communication. It is a two-way process. In spoken communication, we have speakers and listeners who send and receive verbal messages from each other. In written communication, we have writers and readers, whereas in visualization and observation, the symbols and signs are included. Communication motivates, informs, suggests, warns, orders, changes behaviour, and establishes better relationships, to make interaction meaningful and make oneself understood. Communication is effective when a communicator is effective enough to communicate competently, simply, clearly, sincerely and dynamically. Ones communication can be termed as successful, if the receiver acknowledges it, i.e., when a listener or reader understands, reacts, responds to this communication and shapes his/her learning behaviour. The word communication is derived from the Latin word ‘communis’, which means ‘common’, i.e., to share, exchange, send, transmit, write, relate and communicate. The other etymological source mentions that ‘communication’ is derived from the Latin term ‘communicare’, which means to impart or participate. This word often denotes and means different things to different people. In short, we can define communication as sharing ideas and feelings mutually. As it involves interaction, it encourages exchange of ideas until all the experiences become a common profession. Communication is essential for close, sympathetic relationships in the society and for transformation of men, material and thoughts from one place to another. In a classroom, the meaning of communication is related to the messages and counter-messages, which constitute the teaching-learning process. This involves initiation, reception and response that serve as feedback. Communication Process Communication is interactive by nature. The importance and meaning of communication pertain to the fact that receivers and senders of messages are connected through space and time. Communication as a process has two participants – the sender of the message and the receiver of the message. When these messages are transmitted, they activate the person and this response is the purpose of communication. Thus, we can say that communication requires a source, a sender, a message and a person at the receiving end. Human beings are primarily related to the study of communication. Nevertheless, this process is present in all living things and is a fundamental and universal process. Communication influences the activities of the human community at large. Social development is a prominent feature of effective techniques of communication, which is necessary for sustaining the growth and development. Communication Theory All of us have thoughts and ideas, which we would like to communicate. But before that we carefully choose words, pictures, symbols, etc., to effectively convey our information.

The receiver at the other end receives the message and understands it. For example, you go to a railway station to fill a reservation form. You find out that you do not have a pen. You ask a person standing there near the counter whether he could lend you one. If that person understands your language, he /she will respond accordingly. If he / she does not know the language, you can use gestures, signs, symbols, etc. In this way, we communicate regularly in our daily life. Now it is evident that communication is a twoway process. The figure given below will explain to you the model channel of communication: Ideas, Thoughts Feelings, Information Channel (Medium)

SENDER (Encoder)

RECEIVER (Decoder)

The communication model involves the following steps: • An information source, that helps us produce a...