Concept of Blasphemy in Islam

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Blasphemy in Islam
Blasphemy in Islam is any irreverent behaviour towards holy personages, religious artifacts, customs, and beliefs. Hindutva Terrorism
Tuesday, February 01, 2011
Islam and Blasphemy
Blasphemy in Islam is any irreverent behaviour towards holy personages, religious artifacts, customs, and beliefs. 

Blasphemers
Islamic legal authorities agree that a blasphemer can be Muslim or non-Muslim. To be convicted of blasphemy, an individual must be an adult, of sound mind, and not under duress. Some jurisdictions do not punish individuals who commit blasphemy accidentally. The Maliki School of Jurisprudence permits the exoneration of accused individuals who are converts to Islam.

Blasphemy against holy personages
Individuals have been accused of blasphemy or of insulting Islam for: •    speaking ill of Almighty God.
•    finding fault with Holy Prophet (PBUH). 
•    slighting a prophet who is mentioned in the Holy Quran, or slighting a member of Holy Prophet’s (PBUH) family  •    claiming to be a prophet or a messenger. 
•    speculating about how Holy Prophet (PBUH) would behave if he were alive (Nigeria).  •    drawing a picture to represent Holy Prophet (PBUH) or any other prophet, or making a film which features a prophet (Egypt).  •    writing Holy Prophet (PBUH) name on the walls of a toilet (Pakistan).  •    naming a teddy bear Holy Prophet (PBUH) (Sudan).  •    stating facts such as: Holy Prophet (PBUH) parents were not Muslims (Pakistan).  •    invoking Almighty God while committing a forbidden act. No government has so far shown either the will or the wisdom to face this problem with determination. Almost all have preferred to run with the hounds. Blasphemy against beliefs and customs

Individuals have been accused of blasphemy or of insulting Islam for: •    finding fault with Islam.
•    saying Islam is an Arab religion; prayers five times a day are unnecessary; and the Holy Quran is full of lies (Indonesia).  •    believing in transmigration of the soul or reincarnation or disbelieving in the afterlife (Indonesia). •    finding fault with a belief or a practice which the Muslim community (Ummah) has adopted.   •    finding fault with or cursing apostles (Rasul or Messenger), prophets, or angels.  •    expressing an atheist or a secular point of view or publishing or distributing such a point of view.  •    using words that Muslims use because the individuals were not Muslims (Malaysia).  •    whistling during prayers (Indonesia). 

•    flouting the rules prescribed for Ramadan.  
•    reciting Muslim prayers in a language other than Arabic (Indonesia).  •    consuming alcohol. 
•    gambling. 
•    being alone with persons of the opposite sex who are not blood relatives.  •    finding amusement in Islamic customs (Bangladesh).   •    publishing an unofficial translation of the Holy Quran (Afghanistan).  •    practicing yoga (Malaysia). 

•    watching a film or listening to music (Somalia).  •    wearing make-up on television (Iran).  
•    insulting religious scholarship. 
•    wearing the clothing of Jews or of Zoroastrians.  •    claiming that forbidden acts are not forbidden. 
•    uttering "words of infidelity" (sayings that are forbidden).  •    participating in non-Islamic religious festivals. 

Blasphemy against artifacts
Individuals have been accused of blasphemy or of insulting Islam for: •    touching a Holy Quran or touching something that has touched a Holy Quran because the individuals were not Muslim (Nigeria).   •    damaging a Holy Quran  or other books of importance to Islam, for example, hadith (Pakistan).  •    spitting at the wall of a mosque (Pakistan). 

Blasphemy against Almighty God
Islamic law makes a distinction between a blasphemer, who insults Almighty God and a blasphemer, who finds fault with Holy Prophet (PBUH). The distinction is based on the notions of the "right of God" and the "right of Man." Reviling God violates the "right of God," who has...
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