Computational Modelling and Simulation of Aircraft and the Environment: Platform Kinematics and Synthetic Environment Volume 1 D.J. Diston © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. ISBN: 978-0-470-01840-8
Computational Modelling and Simulation of Aircraft and the Environment Volume 1: Platform Kinematics and Synthetic Environment
Dominic J. Diston
University of Manchester, UK
A John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., Publication
This edition first published 2009 Ó 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Registered office John Wiley & Sons Ltd, The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 8SQ, United Kingdom For details of our global editorial offices, for customer services and for information about how to apply for permission to reuse the copyright material in this book please see our website at www.wiley.com. The right of the author to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, except as permitted by the UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, without the prior permission of the publisher. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books. Designations used by companies to distinguish their products are often claimed as trademarks. All brand names and product names used in this book are trade names, service marks, trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners. The publisher is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information in regard to the subject matter covered. It is sold on the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering professional services. If professional advice or other expert assistance is required, the services of a competent professional should be sought. MATLABÒ MATLAB and any associated trademarks used in this book are the registered trademarks of The MathWorks, Inc. Library of Congress Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Diston, Dominic. Computational modelling of aircraft and the environment / Dominic Diston. v. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. Contents: Volume 1. Platform kinematics and synthetic environment ISBN 978-0-470-01840-8 (cloth) (v. 1) 1. Airplanes—Computer simulation. 2. Airplanes—Performance—Mathematical models. 3. Aeronautics—Systems engineering—Data processing. 4. Navigation (Aeronautics)— Computer simulation. 5. Atmosphere—Computer simulation. 6. Gravitational fields— Computer simulation. 7. Spherical astronomy—Data processing. I. Title. TL671.4.D57 2009 629.13010 13—dc22 2009008333 A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. ISBN: 978-0-470-01840-8 Set in 9/11pt Photina by Integra Software Services Pvt. Ltd., Pondicherry, India Printed in the UK by Antony Rowe Ltd, Chippenham, Wiltshire.
IN MEMORY OF John Joseph Diston Master Mariner 1925–2000
Preface Acknowledgements List of Abbreviations How To Use This Book Series Preface Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Computational Modelling Modelling and Simulation (M&S) Development Processes Models Meta-models Aerospace Applications 1.6.1 Synthetic Environment 1.6.2 Aerospace Vehicles Integration and Interoperability The End of the Beginning
xiii xv xvii xxi xxv
1 2 4 8 12 14 14 17 21 22
Chapter 2: Platform Kinematics
2.1 Axis Systems 2.1.1 Platform Axis System 2.1.2 Local Axis Systems 2.1.3 Earth-Centred Axis Systems 2.1.4 Orientation 2.1.5 Flight Axis System Changing Position and Orientation Rotating Axis Systems 2.3.1 Inertial and Non-inertial Frames 2.3.2 Vector Differentiation...