Topics: Livestock, Meat, Agriculture Pages: 5 (1647 words) Published: December 6, 2012
Annotated Bibliography
Kaitlyn Blahnik
English 250
October 31, 2012

Annotated Bibliography

Alvarado, Carla S. et al. “The potential for community exposures to pathogens from an urban dairy.” Journal of Environmental Health 74.7 (2012): 22+. Print. This journal describes a study shown in Mexico on the effect of feeding operations on cattle. Within the process it explains how the production rate of farms has gone up, but at the same time the number of overall farms has gone down. This is caused by the rising demand for meat products all over the world, causing the business to become more industrialized. The confinement of animals leads to disease and infection. This article provides statistics on the types of pathogens and the effect on the animals.

"Farm forward: against animal abuse in factory farming." Natural Foods Merchandiser Jan. 2010: 12+. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. This article starts by pointing out the philosophy that all life is connected, so when you treat a living thing bad, it in turn will harm other living thing, and in this case it is humans. It gives valuable statistics such as “unsustainable factory farms have grown to the point where they produce more than 99 percent of the domesticated farm animals raised to provide food in the United States.” It touches on industrial inhumanity, medicated food, and ways to reverse the trend.

Gilbert, Natasha. “Rules Tighten on Use of Antibiotics on Farms.” Nature 481.7380 (2012): 125–125. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. There has been rising concern that treating farm animals on farms with antibiotics to prevent disease cause harm to the humans who consume the meat. The FDA has taken action and put restrictions on the use of the antibiotics cephalosporins in animals to avoid forcing doctors to use different human antibiotics that will have a lesser effect and greater side effects. The FDA is also considering putting a restriction on the use of antimicrobial antibiotics, which are used to promote animal growth.

Hennessy, Christina. “Something to chew on: Artist takes viewers on a journey from farm to table.” McClatchy - Tribune Business News 6 Sept. 2012. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. This article shows the journey of an objective person through the process of factory farming to how meat gets to the store. She talks about all of the chemicals and unnatural things that go into the food we consume. Her main goal is to show the “complexity of the agriculture business, from its environmental and ethical issues to the impact certain decisions have had on the health of farm animals, consumers and the planet

"Hillshire Brands Company Updates Sow Housing Position." Health & Beauty Close-Up 26 Sept. 2011. Web. 22 Oct. 2012. This article describes Hillshire farms’ future plans of making sure that all of their meat providers raise their animals in clean and comfortable conditions. They have an “animal well-being program” to ensure that the animals are treated humanely. They have regulations set that providers must meet before doing business with the company.

Johnson, A. K. et al. “Comparison of Steer Behavior When Housed in a Deep-bedded Hoop Barn Versus an Open Feedlot with Shelter.” Journal of Animal Science 89.6 (2011): 1893–1898. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. This shows a study of how the behavior of cattle is effected depending on if they live in a feedlot or a bedded hoop barn. It showed that steers in a feedlot spend more time standing and walking around than those in the hoop barn. Other than that difference, they found no others regarding eating and drinking habits and it was concluded that hoop barns are a perfectly fine substitution for open feed lots.

Lordon, Ian. “Breeding disease: antibiotic resistance in factory farms.” Briarpatch Oct. 2010 : 26+. Print. Lordon begins by describing a “flesh eating” disease that was a big problem in Canada for a while. He goes on by explaining that the disease was most likely caused by the...
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