Comparison and Contrast of Paleolithic and Neolithic Age

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Tonya Lewis
George Lewis

HIS 101

August 17, 2011

Compare the Paleolithic Age, Neolithic Age, and the Bronze Age.

The Paleolithic and Neolithic culture can be compared in many ways because the Paleolithic culture was a gateway for the Neolithic era. They also contrast because the Neolithic people transitioned and advanced the skills of the Paleolithic people to become a more settled agrarian people. The period called the Paleolithic Age, or Old Stone Age, began with the earliest primitive tool making human beings who inhabited East Africa nearly three million years ago. The Paleolithic culture was characterized by a hunting and gathering lifestyle for humans. During this time their diet was almost exclusively wild meats, fish, vegetable, and fruits. The people lived in caves and occupied rock and wood shelters. They would tend to stay in large groups sharing food among family members. Although human progress was very slow during the long centuries of the Paleolithic Age, developments occurred that influence the future enormously. Paleolithic people developed spoken language and learned how to make and use tools of bone, wood, and stone. They also discovered how o use fire, which allowed them to cook their meat and provided warmth and protection.

A gradual transition from hunters gathered to agricultural economies began at the start of the Neolithic Age, the New Stone Age. During this time human beings discovered farming, domesticated animals, established villages, polished stone tools, made pottery, and wove cloth. Neolithic farmers altered their environment to satisfy human needs. Instead of spending their time searching for grains, roots, and berries, women and children grew crops near their homes. Food was still gathered from the wild but they also cultivated wheat, barley, raised sheep, goats, and pigs for food. The Neolithic farmer began to build permanent mud brick homes, giving rise to towns and later cities and...
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