Comparing Ancient Rome to the United States

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Comparing Ancient Rome to the United States

When we analyze the United States’s similarities and differences with Rome, there’s always an obvious juxtaposition that’s unmistakable. The similarities between these two great societies are considered and analyzed from many aspects like politic, military and culture. The political aspect of the United States and the ancient Rome has its root in the concept of republic. Militarily, both the U.S and ancient Rome are considered superpowers of their time. And from the cultural aspect, there’re a lot of comparisions made between these two societies. Here I will discuss more about these.

From the political side, the most important aspect could be defined as both of these civilizations, had a legislative, executive and judicial branches. Executive branch executes or enforces the law. The consules are elected by assembly, they ruled as chief executives for one year. Consuls controlled the military as well. The legislative branch is made up of the two houses of Congress—the Senate and the House of Representatives. The most important duty of the legislative branch is to make laws. Laws are written, discussed and voted on in Congress. Where the Executive and Legislative branches are elected by the people, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. In both of these societies the head executives could be removed by legislators, they also had military responsibilities. Both of lead executives in governments had veto power. There were also some differences between these 2 governments from the political side, like Romans didn’t have separate judicial branch besides Roman consuls had religious duties while U.S didn’t. Militarily, Rome and America are the most powerful actors in their world. Rome was a republic that turned into an empire. Both empires have extended their military across the known world far beyond their economic sensibilities. It’s power spread from the middle...